Fake News

 Declining respect for the authorities is blamed on 'fake' news

 Offsite Article: The Guardian surveys the world of 'fake news'...

Link Here 3rd December 2016  full story: Fake News...Declining respect for the authorities is blamed on 'fake' news
45 minutes wmd What is 'fake news' anyway? Is it news that hides truths that are unpalatable to the politically correct? Is it reports of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq? Is it politicians outlining improvements in the economy?

See article from theguardian.com


 Offsite Article: Facebook's verified badges giving fake news 'authenticity'...

Link Here 4th December 2016  full story: Fake News...Declining respect for the authorities is blamed on 'fake' news
Facebook logo How is Facebook meant to algorithmically spot 'fake' news when the subtle use of an apostrophe can so easily change fact into fiction

See article from huffingtonpost.co.uk


 Update: At a time when political correctness overrides truth...

Is it surprising that Facebook 'fact checking' doesn't seem to convince people much as to what is fake news?

Link Here 12th September 2017  full story: Fake News...Declining respect for the authorities is blamed on 'fake' news
yale logoFacebook touts its partnership with outside fact-checkers as a key prong in its fight against fake news, but a major new Yale University study finds that fact-checking and then tagging inaccurate news stories on social media doesn't work.

The study , reported for the first time by POLITICO, found that tagging false news stories as disputed by third party fact-checkers has only a small impact on whether readers perceive their headlines as true. Overall, the existence of disputed tags made participants just 3.7 percentage points more likely to correctly judge headlines as false, the study said.

The researchers also found that, for some groups--particularly, Trump supporters and adults under 26--flagging bogus stories could actually end up increasing the likelihood that users will believe fake news. This because not all fake stories are fact checked, and the absence of a warning tends to add to the credibility of an unchecked, but fake, story.

Researchers Gordon Pennycook & David G. Rand of Yale University write in their abstract:

Assessing the effect of disputed warnings and source salience on perceptions of fake news accuracy

What are effective techniques for combatting belief in fake news? Tagging fake articles with Disputed by 3rd party fact-checkers warnings and making articles' sources more salient by adding publisher logos are two approaches that have received large-scale rollouts on social media in recent months.

Here we assess the effect of these interventions on perceptions of accuracy across seven experiments [involving 7,534 people].

With respect to disputed warnings, we find that tagging articles as disputed did significantly reduce their perceived accuracy relative to a control without tags, but only modestly (d=.20, 3.7 percentage point decrease in headlines judged as accurate).

Furthermore, we find a backfire effect -- particularly among Trump supporters and those under 26 years of age -- whereby untagged fake news stories are seen as more accurate than in the control.

We also find a similar spillover effect for real news, whose perceived accuracy is increased by the presence of disputed tags on other headlines.

With respect to source salience, we find no evidence that adding a banner with the logo of the headline's publisher had any impact on accuracy judgments whatsoever.

Together, these results suggest that the currently deployed approaches are not nearly enough to effectively undermine belief in fake news, and new (empirically supported) strategies are needed.

Presented with the study, a Facebook spokesperson questioned the researchers' methodology--pointing out that the study was performed via Internet survey, not on Facebook's platform--and added that fact-checking is just one part of the company's efforts to combat fake news. Those include disrupting financial incentives for spammers, building new products and helping people make more informed choices about the news they read, trust and share, the spokesperson said.

The Facebook spokesman added that the articles created by the third party fact-checkers have uses beyond creating the disputed tags. For instance, links to the fact checks appear in related article stacks beside other similar stories that Facebook's software identifies as potentially false. They are powering other systems that limit the spread of news hoaxes and information, the spokesperson said.


 Offsite Article: Way too little, way too late...

Link Here 15th November 2017  full story: Fake News...Declining respect for the authorities is blamed on 'fake' news
Facebook logo Facebook's factcheckers say effort is failing, (and that Facebook should be hiring armies of well paid journalists to combat 'fake news')

See article from theguardian.com


  Streisand proves a friend to fake news...

Facebook drops 'fake news' warnings as they turn out to be an encouragement to read and share rather than the presumed discouragement

Link Here 23rd December 2017  full story: Fake News...Declining respect for the authorities is blamed on 'fake' news
facebook fake news advertFacebook says it is changing how it identifies 'fake news' stories on its platform to a more effective system.

Facebook had originally put red warning signs on disputed stories that fact-checkers found false.

Instead, now it will bring up related articles next to the false stories that give context from fact-checkers on the stories'

Facebook said that in its tests, fewer hoax articles were shared when they had fact-checkers' articles spooled up next to them than when they were labeled with disputed flags.

Facebook have also changed the criteria for identification as 'fake news' Previously it required 2 fact checkers to concur but under the new system related articles can be attached under the authority of just one fact checker.


 Offsite Article: Good luck banning fake news...

Link Here 12th January 2018  full story: Fake News...Declining respect for the authorities is blamed on 'fake' news
the conversation logo Here's why it's unlikely to happen

See article from theconversation.com


  A new YouTube badge will mark state propaganda...

YouTube announces that it will indicate when news videos are from state funded sources

Link Here 6th February 2018  full story: Fake News...Declining respect for the authorities is blamed on 'fake' news

youtube propaganda badge 2018Greater transparency for users around news broadcasters

Today we will start rolling out notices below videos uploaded by news broadcasters that receive some level of government or public funding.

Our goal is to equip users with additional information to help them better understand the sources of news content that they choose to watch on YouTube.

We're rolling out this feature to viewers in the U.S. for now, and we don't expect it to be perfect. Users and publishers can give us feedback through the send feedback form. We plan to improve and expand the feature over time.

The notice will appear below the video, but above the video's title, and include a link to Wikipedia so viewers can learn more about the news broadcaster.


 Offsite Article: Fake news has a long history....

Link Here 12th February 2018  full story: Fake News...Declining respect for the authorities is blamed on 'fake' news
charles ii Beware the state being keeper of the truth'. By Kenan Malik

See article from theguardian.com


  Satire is lost on Facebook...

Facebook censors Christian satire website with an obviously ludicrous story about CNN 'spinning' news in an industrial sized washing machine

Link Here 3rd March 2018  full story: Fake News...Declining respect for the authorities is blamed on 'fake' news
babylon bee logo Facebook has revealed just how shoddy its 'fake news' and censorship process is when it censored an obvious joke after it passed through the censorship system without anyone at Facebook noticing how stupid they were being.

thefederalist.com explains:

The Babylon Bee set off Facebook's alarm bells by publishing a satirical piece stating that CNN had purchased an industrial-size washing machine to spin news before publication. This is obviously a joke and is clearly marked satire and is published on a site entirely devoted to satire.

But the uptight jerks over at Snopes decided to fact check the Bee's claim, to ensure that no one actually thought that CNN made a significant investment in heavy machinery.

The article was duly confirmed as fake news resulting in Facebook saying that it would censor The Babylon Bee by denying them monetisation.

And as per the normal procedure, when alerted about stupid censorship, Facebook admitted it was a ghastly mistake and apologised profusely. Fair enough, but in passing it still shows exactly how shoddy the process is behind the scenes.


 Offsite Article: Perhaps because it is fun to wind up the authorities by spreading fake news...

Link Here 9th March 2018  full story: Fake News...Declining respect for the authorities is blamed on 'fake' news
mit logo Study finds fake news spreads faster and further on Twitter than truth. It estimates that a false story is 70% more likely to be retweeted than a true one

See article from engadget.com


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