The upper house of the Afghan parliament has supported a death sentence issued against a journalist for blasphemy in northern Afghanistan.
Pervez Kambaksh was convicted last week of downloading and distributing an article insulting Islam. He has denied the charge.
The UN has criticised the sentence and said the journalist did not have legal representation during the case.
The Afghan government has said that the sentence was not final. A government spokesman said recently that the case would be handled "very carefully".
Now the Afghan Senate has issued a statement on the case - it was not voted on but was signed by its leader, Sibghatullah Mojaddedi, an ally of President Hamid Karzai. It said the upper house approved the death sentence conferred on Mr Kambaksh by
a city court in Mazar-e-Sharif. It also strongly criticised what it called those institutions and foreign sources which, it said, had tried to pressurise the country's government and judiciary as they pursued people like Kambaksh.
Malaysia has banned 11 books for allegedly giving a false portrayal of Islam, such as by linking the religion to terrorism and the mistreatment of women.
The government ordered the books, most of them released by U.S. publishers, to be blacklisted earlier this month because they are not in line with what we call the Malaysian version of Islam, said Che Din Yusoh, an official with the
Internal Security Ministry's publications control unit.
Some of them ridicule Islam as a religion, or the facts are wrong about Islam, like associating Islam with terrorism ... or saying Islam mistreats women, he said. Once you mention something which is not correct, it's not proper.
The banned books include eight English-language ones, such as The Two Faces of Islam: Saudi Fundamentalism and its Role in Terrorism, Secrets of the Quran: Revealing Insights Into Islam's Holy Book and Women in Islam. There
are also three books written in the local Malay language.
Government authorities regularly review the contents of books and publications that could have sensitive material, mostly regarding religion and sex, Che Din said.
The supposedly shocking Ryanair ad features a young woman in a classroom: she has a bare midriff and is
wearing a short skirt, knee-high stockings and a tight blouse and school tie. The ad was published in three newspapers - the Herald, the Daily Mail and the Scottish Daly Mail - which have a combined readership of 3.5million. Was ‘widespread
offence’ taken? Not quite; not even nearly. Out of more than three million people who will have seen the ad, 13 complained - yes, 13. That is about the same number of people who were on the downstairs level of my bus this morning. Yet the ASA
agreed with these 13 super-sensitive souls that the ad was a shocker, and ruled that the model’s appearance and pose, ‘in conjunction with the heading “HOTTEST”’, suggested a link between ‘teenage girls and sexually provocative behaviour’ (5).
Thus the ad was ‘irresponsible’; thus it must be expunged from the public realm.
This is institutionalised prudishness. The content of the ad is no worse than something one might see on MTV or indeed elsewhere in national newspapers. As Peter Sherrard, Ryanair’s head of communications, said: ‘It is remarkable that a picture of
a fully-clothed model is now claimed to cause “serious or widespread offence”, when many of the UK’s leading newspapers regularly run pictures of topless or partially-dressed females without causing any serious or widespread offence.’ (6) Yet the
existence of organisations like the ASA and the Office of Communications (Ofcom, which regulates broadcasting in general in the UK) acts as an invitation to squeamish, easily-offended or even self-interested individuals and parties to force
through their own personal censorship of things they don’t like. It empowers the prudish, giving their narrow-minded outrage the full weight of officialdom’s backing. The ASA and Ofcom represent the tyranny of the minority.
In a couple of months' time, the horrors of censorship depicted by George Orwell in 1984 will seem like childish pranks compared to
the powers granted to the Russian authorities.
According to the Guardian, Russian internet users, will be completely locked off from foreign traffic, which can be used to access the majority of free information, as currently happens in China. Those whose work requires access to foreign sites
(ministries, departments and state companies) will have to be approved by the Special Services.
In practice, this will be achieved by the introduction of Cyrillic domain names, which will automatically cut the whole of Russia off from the World Wide Web and the Internet's other services.
The 'Russian Internet' project will look at the question of how they can best communicate within their own country. The internationalization of domain names will give them the chance to do what is being attempted in China, where three top-level
domain names, written in Chinese characters, are used: .net, .com and .cn, says Wolfgang Kleinwachter, member of the UN Working Group on Internet Governance, explaining the technical details.
The key question here is whether Russia's own root servers will use Russian international domain names when deciding where to direct their enquiries on the Internet -- that is will they be autonomous from the already existing root servers of the
net, which are mainly based in the USA (5 in the USA, 2 in Northern Europe).
In Kleinwachter's opinion, the worst case scenario would be everyone having to register domain names using the Cyrillic top-level domain .rf. Then Russian would have its own root name server, and it is much easier to control a top-level domain
than a hundred thousand subdomains, says the expert.
According to Kleinwachter, it has been suggested that people will be able to access Russian sites freely but will require a password sanctioned by state authorities to access the global Internet. In this way, the Kremlin will be able to control
each citizen's contact with the outside world.
The authorities however assert that this will make tracing "cyber-criminals" easier. Anyone wishing to read the European press, including the Ukrainian, will now become a dangerous criminal.
Western IT specialists point out that this innovation would also make all Russian hackers absolutely untraceable without cooperation from the Russian authorities. [Perhaps The ASCII internet world would the have to block all communication from
The Archnutter of Canterbury, Dr Rowan Williams, has called for new laws to protect religious sensibilities that would punish
“thoughtless and cruel” styles of speaking.
Williams, who has seen his own Anglican Communion riven by fierce invective over homosexuality, said the current blasphemy law was “unworkable” and he had no objection to its repeal ... BUT ... whatever replaces it should “send a
signal” about what was acceptable.
This should be done by stigmatising and punishing extreme behaviours that have the effect of silencing argument.
The Archbishop, delivering the James Callaghan Memorial Lecture said it should not just be a few forms of extreme behaviour that were deemed unacceptable, leaving everything else as fair game.: The legal provision should keep before our eyes
the general risks of debasing public controversy by thoughtless and, even if unintentionally, cruel styles of speaking and acting.
Dr Williams said: It is clear that the old blasphemy law is unworkable and that its assumptions are not those of contemporary lawmakers and citizens overall. But as we think about the adequacy of what is coming to replace it, we should not, I
believe, miss the opportunity of asking the larger questions about what is just and good for individuals and groups in our society who hold religious beliefs.
Dr Williams was criticised by the National Secular Society who accused him of promoting self-serving and dangerous ideas. Terry Sanderson, president, said that the Archbishop’s speech was a blatant pitch for new legislation to replace
the blasphemy laws that the Government are planning to scrap.
The Government is at present consulting the Church of England about its plans to repeal the blasphemy laws before introducing the changes when the Criminal Justice Bill is in committee stage in a few weeks.
It is as if the prolonged and widespread debate on the recently-introduced religious hatred legislation had never happened, said Sanderson. Dr Williams takes us right back to the beginning with his special pleading for the protection of
religious feelings – in other words, another form of blasphemy law that would be even worse than the one we’re about to ditch.
Sanderson pointed out that the Racial and Religious Hatred Act – which had been under consideration for five years - was now on the statute book. It was enacted only after a great deal of bitter dispute between religious interests and those who
feared for free speech.
There is also now in law a concept of religious aggravation that can be applied to some public order offences. It carries a potential prison sentence of seven years. This is draconian and extreme by any measure – and now the Archbishop appears
to want something else.
Sanderson said that the Archbishop appeared in his speech to be making excuses for those who rioted about the Salman Rushdie case and threatened the author with death. He also seems to think that those who created lethal street protests over the
Danish cartoons had a point. The Archbishop’s speech is, at base, self-serving and dangerously illiberal,” Mr Sanderson said. “We certainly hope that the Government is not now going to bring forward something even more extreme as a quid pro quo
for abolishing blasphemy.
31st January 2008
Owing to the Archbishop’s opaque style of discourse, it is unclear whether or not Times reporter Ruth Gledhill is correct in her interpretation of his James Callahan Memorial Lecture. Other reports, from more overtly religious sources, do not put
the same spin on it.
This appears to be the section which has led the Times to shout that he is calling for new legislation. It’s not quite there, is it? Williams said:
"It is clear that the old blasphemy law is unworkable and that its assumptions are not those of contemporary lawmakers and citizens overall. But as we think about the adequacy of what is coming to replace it, we should
not, I believe, miss the opportunity of asking the larger questions about what is just and good for individuals and groups in our society who hold religious beliefs".
Whichever way you look at it, he was talking drivel.
Irish airline Ryanair announced its decision to defy the orders of the UK advertising watchdog, and
continue to run a controversial ad that was told to be taken out of circulation.
The airline called the order "absurd." The ad, showing a woman dressed in a provocative schoolgirl outfit, was deemed as "irresponsible" by the Advertising Standards Authority. Underneath the photo was the tagline about the
airline's hottest back to school fares.
The ad appeared in the Herald, Daily Mail, and the Scottish Daily Mail, obtaining a 3.5-million circulation, according to The Press Association.
A total of 13 complains from readers cried out that the ad linked teenage girls to illicit and sexual behaviours. The ASA recently catered to the outcry, ordering the three newspapers to take down the ad and never run it again.
We considered that her appearance and pose, in conjunction with the heading 'hottest' appeared to link teenage girls with sexually provocative behavior and was irresponsible and likely to cause serious or widespread offence, the ASA was
quoted as saying.
The airline responded by saying that 13 complaints out of a more than 3 million readership was an "insignificant" proportion.
It is remarkable that a fully clothed model is now claimed to cause 'serious or widespread offence', said Ryanair head of communications Peter Sherrard, when many of the UK's leading daily newspapers regularly run pictures of topless or
partially dressed females without causing any serious or widespread offence. Sherrard continued by calling the ASA demanding orders for censorship's sake, and not advertising regulations.
The ASAs decision not to invoke its ultimate sanction and refer Ryanair to the Office of Fair Trading (OFT), despite repeated breaches of ASA regulations, has raised questions about whether self-regulation in advertising is really working.
The ASA claims that advertisers who persistently breach its non-broadcast advertising codes are referred to the OFT, but only after a 'longlist' of other sanctions have been considered.
A spokesman for the ASA said a referral would be made only under the Control of Misleading Advertisements Regulations, while offensive ads are governed by rules on breaches of taste and decency: Only when other sanctions have been exhausted,
such as refusing an advertiser media space, invoking compulsory pre-vetting, or taking away trading privileges, do we consider a referral. In most cases, sanctions are effective in bringing advertisers into line.'
Ryanair's latest breach was of the taste and decency rules, and the sanction the ASA imposed was to issue an alert to newspapers instructing them not to run the ad.
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Ministry of Justice (Lord Hunt of Kings Heath) : My Lords, I beg to move
that this Bill be now read a second time. This is a wide-ranging Bill: it traverses youth justice, sentencing, anti-social behaviour, the risk management of violent and sex offenders, the law on self-defence and the possession of extreme
pornographic images, to name but a few of its provisions.
...In tackling the possession of extreme pornographic images, the Bill seeks to bring our controls on such violent and explicit material into the internet age. We can no longer control the circulation of this pernicious and potentially harmful
material through legislation dealing with the traditional forms of publication and distribution. We have to look to an offence of possession. We want to ensure that the new offence hits the right target. In the other place, concerns were expressed
that the offence went too wide. We understand that concern. I aim to bring forward amendments in Committee that will clarify the drafting of the offence and, I hope, put beyond doubt that the type of imagery found in popular mainstream films will
not be covered by the offence.
I have no doubt that the new offences of inciting homophobic hatred will attract much debate in this House, and rightly so. In constructing the offences we have been very conscious of the need to balance the protection of the gay and lesbian
community from material inciting hatred with the right to freedom of expression. We believe that we have struck the right balance in the Bill. The new offence will apply only to threatening words and behaviour intended to stir up hatred on grounds
of sexual orientation. Given that high threshold, and all the other safeguards, including the consent of the Attorney-General to any prosecution, we do not consider that a saving is needed to protect expressions of criticism or antipathy towards
homosexual practices. If such expressions are not threatening and not intended to incite hatred, they will not be covered by the offence. If they are, then they should not be excluded. This was debated in the other place, and the other place
rejected such a saving by a considerable margin.
Lord Thomas of Gresford:
...As for extreme pornography, Clause 113 is utterly vague, and Clause 115 proposes an unacceptable reverse burden of proof. We welcome what the Minister said a moment ago, when he appeared to recognise that.
Baroness Miller of Chilthorne Domer :
...The two issues I shall concentrate on are set out in Part 7—the first is extreme pornography. It is a difficult issue to debate at all, but one to which I hope we shall bring some cool and objective thinking. Again, it did not really receive
the sort of examination in the other place that it should have had. We have had an interesting briefing from a large number of academics such as lecturers in media studies and so on who have joined together on this issue. The first point they make
bears repeating at this stage: the Government have been using a rapid evidence assessment to back up their claims that legislation is necessary in this area. They say that the REA document is based on largely discredited research emanating from
particular psychology and sociology traditions once favoured in America and that the supporting evidence has no real connection to the British case. That is the sort of issue that we need to examine in Committee.
Legislation needs to be objective and evidence-based, not subjective. Personally, I do not like pornography and believe it to be essentially degrading to the spirit, and violent pornography is even worse. Indeed, anything depicting extreme
violence is, I think, dangerous as regards the well-being of society. However, I also do not believe in censorship unless it is absolutely essential to protect people, and my personal view is not what I want the House to focus on. We need to
concentrate on the fact that this sloppy clause is dangerous.
On 6 December last the Minister said that the Government believe that the individual pornography user will have no difficulty in recognising pornography. That is not an objective or evidence-based approach. Surely it cannot be for the possible
perpetrator of a crime to judge whether he actually is committing a crime. A great deal more thought needs to go into exactly how these clauses have been drafted, and I recognise that the Minister has suggested that the Government will bring
forward something which I hope will be more evidence-based. Further, I am extremely glad that we will have the benefit of the report of the Joint Committee on Human Rights before us.
The Earl of Onslow :
...I now turn with gentle delicacy to extreme porn. What is it? Is it Juvenal’s ninth satire? I have unfortunately lost my Latin copy of it; otherwise, I would have quoted it to your Lordships. However, I certainly would not dream of translating
it. Luckily, we are of a much less classical generation so I hope that most of your Lordships would not have understood it. I once quoted it on the wireless—on a Radio 3 programme about pornography rock with the encouragement of the noble Lord,
Lord Alli, and a minor payment. This little sideline concerns what is meant by extreme porn. “Extreme” is an extremely subjective word. The law must not have subjective judgments in it; it makes things too difficult, if not impossible, and it
makes judgment on facts difficult.
We wrote to the Minister, asking for a definition that was sufficiently precise and foreseeable to pass Article 8, relating to respect for privacy, and Article 10, relating to freedom of expression, and asked whether the new offence was necessary
in a free society. We are concerned at the vagueness of the offence. We question whether Clause 113 is precise or foreseeable enough to meet the Convention requirements. The offence requires the image to be extreme. That is an extremely subjective
judgment in itself. The Explanatory Notes state that the new offence was made to protect individuals from participating in degrading staged activities or bestiality, to cut supply and to prevent others from accidentally coming across such
material. We question whether the behaviour criminalised in Clause 113(6)(a) and (b) should be so if carried out by adults in private.
Lord Hunt of Kings Heath :
...I turn to the subject of extreme pornography. The noble Earl, Lord Onslow, and a number of other noble Lords expressed some concerns, which I well understand, about the definitions and how they might be applied. The reasons for bringing this
matter before your Lordships’ House are well taken: some very disturbing cases, with disturbing impacts, have arisen from the availability of extreme pornography. Equally, I accept that we have to be very careful about the definition; we do not
want it to be wider than we intend. I said in my opening speech that we will bring forward amendments—in Committee, I hope—to make that absolutely clear.
On Question, Bill read a second time, and committed to a Committee of the Whole House.
Reporters Without Borders condemns the action of the authorities in blocking access to the independent new website YemenPortal
(www.yemenportal.net) since 19 January. Access to at least seven other websites have been blocked since October.
President Ali Abdullah Saleh’s government is having to deal with growing social unrest and a Zaidi uprising but that is no reason to target the media and websites, the press freedom organisation said. As it is unable to influence what
they post, the government has decided to block independent news websites in order to suppress their criticisms.
Access to YemenPortal from within Yemen was blocked two days after Prime Minister Ali Mohammed Mujawar and other government officials accused the press on 17 January of jeopardising the country’s national interest and promoting
incitement to secession.
The news websites to which the Yemeni authorities have blocked access since October include:
The BBFC unsurprisingly passed it 12A uncut with the following comment:
Lady Godiva is a modern day romantic drama based around the legend of the Anglo Saxon noble woman who rode naked through the streets of Coventry in order to lift an oppressive toll placed on the poor by her husband. It
was passed ‘12A’ for mildly sexualised nudity and one use of moderate language.
The BBFC Guidelines at ‘PG’ state that only ‘natural nudity, with no sexual content’ is permitted. In Lady Godiva however, when she rides naked through the streets, onlookers gaze up at her appreciatively, indicating that her nudity has
some sexual appeal. The scene therefore is best placed at ‘12A’ where brief and discreet nudity in a sexual context is allowed. The BBFC Guidelines also state that ‘mild bad language only’ is permitted at ‘PG’, which means the one use of moderate
language in the film, in this case ‘wanker’, also places the film at ‘12A’.
LADY GODIVA also contains some mild violence.
However one has to wonder why public 'nudity in a sexual context' wasn't cut under the usual BBFC bollox along the lines of: cuts required to remove sight of nudity and sexual activity in a public location in the UK.
Particularly when the film publicity stories ran with the illegal public nudity theme:
Vicky Jewson achieved her dream of making Lady Godiva by ripping up the traditional model and doing it her way. She then persuaded a popular TV actress to strip naked and ride a horse through Oxford at the crack of dawn, against the wishes of the
The naked part caused us the most problems, Vicky admits: The council said we would be arrested if we filmed where we wanted to. So, on the day, we got up at 4am and had lots of secret locations and only told people where we were
shooting at the last minute. We only had about an hour so we didn't concentrate much on the fact that anyone was stark naked.
Bremner, Bird and Fortune has been cleared by Ofcom over a joke about Madeleine McCann. Dozens of Channel 4
viewers had complained about the inappropriate and offensive sketch featured last October.
In a discussion about the lengths to which Gordon Brown would go to secure victory in the event of a snap election, satirists John Bird and John Fortune mused: I wouldn't be surprised if the night before the election he went on television and
said, 'Look what I found…' and held up Madeleine McCann.
Ofcom acknowledged the "sensitivities" in the McCann case and said: Any reference to the disappearance, other than during the course of news and current-affairs reports, may result in the potential for offence.
But Ofcom said there no suggestion Madeleine or her family were the target of the humour, adding: The main point of the sketch was to ridicule politicians and the sometimes cynical approach they are perceived to have when it comes to
The idea that politicians might be insensitive enough to attempt to exploit the tragedy surrounding the disappearance of Madeleine McCann to their advantage was consistent with the general purpose of the sketch.
Ofcom has issued a warning to broadcasters about the ways in which they use user generated content after Sumo TV was found to have
breached the programme code on two occasions.
The regulator said that Sumo - which airs a variety of content ranging from webcam performances to professionally-produced programmes - breached the programme code when it aired a 500 word rap by Andy Milonakis containing references to incest,
drugs and sex with frequent use of expletives. In another instance, a child was shown being repeatedly frightened by an adult who captured the scene on a mobile phone. Both incidents aired after the watershed and close to midnight.
Ofcom said that it acknowledges and welcomes the fact that, to some extent, user-generated content provides opportunities for a more interactive experience for viewers and listeners, offering the ability to contribute more to programming than
was previously possible. It added, however, that broadcasters remain responsible for ensuring that the material they put on air - whatever its origination - complies with the programme code.
Making a ruling specific to Sumo TV, Ofcom said that the rap breached generally accepted standards and was not justified by the context in which it was shown. The regular concluded: Ofcom is extremely concerned at the compliance decisions Sumo
TV has made in these cases. In light of this finding, the measures taken and the reasoning it has used to interpret the Code, Sumo TV should be advised that any future breaches of this nature may result in further regulatory action being
considered. Further, Sumo TV is reminded that having appropriate compliance procedures in place is a requirement of its licence conditions.
In a wider notice to broadcasters, Ofcom added: Broadcasters need to be aware that simply because material is available on the web, this does not mean that it is automatically suitable for broadcast on a licensed service which has to comply
with the standards as set out in the Communications Act 2003.
The Author of A Coup for the Rich , Professor Giles Ji Ungphakorn, writes:
I have just been informed today by Thammasart University bookshop, the only bookshop to agree to sell my book, that the Thai special branch have issued a letter to the shop banning the sale of Coup for the Rich .
This book, which was published in January 2007, has sold over 900 copies, almost its entire print run. Mostly the book was sold directly by myself or by Thammasart University bookshop. This is because my own university bookshop refused to sell the
book, citing “incorrect procedure”.
A Coup for the Rich criticises the military coup and the liberals who supported the coup. It discusses the role of the Thai Monarchy, citing the work of Paul Handley ( The King Never Smiles ). There is a chapter on the politics of
the Peoples’ Movement. The final chapter deals with the crisis in the South.
Bangkok Metropolitan Police, acting under an appeal from the Special Branch to investigate my book, have issued a letter to the Thamasart bookshop banning the sale of A Coup for the Rich . According to the letter, dated 18 January 2008, the
book is currently under investigation concerning charges of lèse majesté. The letter, signed by deputy police chief Chutti Tamanowanij, states that the continued sale of the book risks creating a “misunderstanding” about the Monarchy
among the Thai population.
More than £17m has been seized through the Proceeds of Crime Act since 2002.
Now the Scottish Government is also to add new offences indicating a criminal lifestyle to the act, including bribery and corruption and distribution of child and extreme pornography.
Justice Secretary Kenny MacAskill said It's a win, win situation for the law abiding many - and galling for the parasites of serious crime. The government believes that expertise in areas such as forensic accountancy will make it increasingly difficult for organised criminals to
hide their money in legitimate businesses they set up.
The justice secretary also said extending the range of crimes covered under the Proceeds of Crime Act would provide a "further weapon" for the authorities. Organised crime is not about drugs and trafficking. Its tentacles stretch to
crimes such as fraud, pornography and also using legitimate businesses as fronts for money laundering.
Lord Levy, former fundraiser for Tony Blair, has refused to allow the Cabinet Office censor to vet his memoirs. The decision is
likely to prompt concerns in Downing Street that the book will criticise Gordon Brown.
Simon & Schuster, the publishing house, announced on Thursday that it had won the rights to publish the book. Lord Levy played a crucial role in attracting funding for Labour. He was arrested last year as part of the police investigation into
the "cash for honours" inquiry, although he was never charged.
Mainstream media reportage has been overtaken by the unregulated content on the internet, where material that is prejudicial by any definition
appears on countless sites, hit by millions of visitors. The dividing lines between fact, allegation, rumour, fiction and deliberate fabrication are completely blurred. The courts seem paralysed and unable to acknowledge the internet is in danger
of overwhelming the old defences against publication of prejudicial material.
In December, in the first case of its kind, a defence lawyer in Tennessee attempted to have the venue for the imminent trial of his client moved because false and fabricated accounts of the facts of the case on YouTube and blogs may have
prejudiced prospective jurors and witnesses. Attorney Philip Lomonaco of Knoxville, Tennessee, had his first application to the Eastern District Court dismissed. The appeal outcome is awaited.
While there have been no attempts in the UK to claim mistrial on the basis of prejudicial internet material, the time may not be far off. In Scotland, Donald Findlay QC is disturbed at the reluctance of legal authorities to acknowledge the serious
problem that arises not only in high profile trials but in mundane cases where a Google search will produce assertions about key evidence that the jury will have to decide in court.
Prejudicial publicity is our real problem in the criminal courts these days. It's very serious. And the biggest part of the problem is the internet. For example the courts go to great lengths to excise any material that may refer to previous
convictions of the accused. But it's not the rare obsessive going to the Mitchell Library that makes a mockery of that. The fact is anyone can put the name of the accused into Google and come up with a complete history of the investigation and all
the accused's previous convictions in a second. Don't tell me jurors don't do it when they get home after the first day of a trial.
I don't have an easy answer but I do think if we accept we can't control or stop the internet then maybe we have to think again about how we manage juries. Jury vetting. What I do know is pretending the internet doesn't exist won't serve the
interests of justice.
In the land known for churning out music videos and CDs by the hour, lewd presentation and innuendos in lyrics of pop songs has led to
the Punjab government stepping in.
Vulgarity in the name of entertainment will not be allowed, said cultural affairs minister Hira Singh Gabria, who announced the setting up of a supervisory board within a month to approve music videos before they hit the market, These people
are trying to play with Punjab’s culture. It’s time to define vulgarity and check the growing menace in the state.
The Punjab board will have assistance from school and college principals, as also members from law and art on its panel.
Many have welcomed this step. Crass exhibitionism and bawdy language in Punjabi music is stripping it of its richness. The large number of CDs and videos being made here is reflective of the youth’s disinclination towards professions like Army,
IAS, IPS. Making vulgar videos is an easier route to success and money, said Hans Raj Hans, Punjabi folk singer.
Out of 100 videos made every month, at least 10 are vulgar in the true sense of the word, said one trader.
There have been many changes in our censorship laws over the years that are to be welcomed. Allowing directors’ greater freedom, whether with sexual imagery and language, has hardly been shown to have damaged society, despite some of the fierce
battles fought at the time and which rumble on today. Out of this liberalism has emerged a more creative environment and a more realistic depiction of modern life. What is challenging the boundaries now is the scale and reach of pornography on the
internet. Just by the sheer ease with which it can be accessed, it is beginning to enter the cultural mainstream and impinge on the lives of children. This is clearly a development that should be abhorred and stopped as far as possible, but in the
end it may simply come down to parents being evermore vigilant.
Whether this has influenced the attitudes of censors remains unclear. Asked about the film SS Experiment Camp , which is on sale in the high street alongside U classified movies, the BBFC said there is nothing in this film that anybody
should have any concerns about. The film depicts women being raped, electrocuted, hung upside down, having their ovaries cut out and burnt alive in incineration chambers by guards dressed in Nazi uniforms. That does sound “concerning”.
While censorship should have to make its case, there must be a sensitivity towards survivors of the death camps and their relatives. Depicting the Holocaust as a Jewish invention rightly causes vilification. Why should depicting concentration
camps as movie backdrops for sexual violence suddenly be acceptable? This film was banned 20 years ago and there seems no strong argument to have it lifted. Gordon Brown will meet a delegation of MPs to discuss toughening the laws on video nasties
amid worries about the influence they have on young people. These arguments may be inconclusive but Mr Brown would be wise to restrict the market in violent pornography.
Comment: We've Heard it All Before...25 Years Ago
Thanks to Julian
Time is running backwards. This is all part of Nutter Brazier's campaign, and we can expect more of this nonsense in the press in the run-up to his Bill.
And, of course, it was the Sunday Times which sparked off the video nasty furore in the first place with articles about ... SS Experiment Camp.
A scheme to prevent children accessing pornography, gambling and other adult services on the latest mobile phones is to be reviewed by
the telecoms regulator.
The inquiry has been triggered by complaints from charities about the project, which was launched at the request of the Home Office. It could lead to the voluntary code being replaced with Ofcom regulation.
Mobile phone networks including Orange, O2 and Vodafone signed up in 2004 to a code that is aimed at protecting children using “next generation” 3G phones. Under the code, the phone companies agreed to offer parents who bought the 3G models for
their children the ability to install a filter, which would block access to unsuitable internet content such as adult chatrooms.
A classification system for content - similar to that used in cinemas - was also introduced, with unsuitable material to be labelled “18”. The phone companies also agreed to work with law enforcement agencies on the reporting of potentially
However, children's charities fear that some of the mobile operators have been lax about marketing and getting to grips with the scheme.
John Carr, secretary of the Children's Charities' Coalition for Internet Safety (CHIS), an umbrella group that includes NCH, Barnardos and The Children's Society, said: My guess is that not all the networks are doing equally well. We have done
our own informal studies in some mobile phone shops, where some shop assistants do no know elementary stuff about internet safety.
A spokesman for Ofcom said: To ensure that children continue to receive appropriate protection, Ofcom is working with the CHIS and the mobile operators to review the voluntary code of conduct for mobile content. A report is expected in the
Authorities have fired an official in central China after city inspectors beat to death a man who filmed their confrontation with
The killing has sparked outrage in China, with thousands expressing outrage in Chinese Internet chat rooms, often the only outlet for public criticism of the government.
The incident has also alarmed advocates of press freedom, who say municipal authorities had no right to attack a man for simply filming them.
Police have detained 24 municipal inspectors and are investigating more than 100 in the death of Wei Wenhua, a 41-year-old construction company executive.
The swift action by officials reflects concerns that the incident could spark larger protests against authorities, whose heavy-handed approach often arouses resentment.
On Monday Wei happened on a confrontation in the central Chinese province of Hubei between city inspectors and villagers protesting over the dumping of waste near their homes. A scuffle developed when residents tried to prevent trucks from
unloading the rubbish.
When Wei took out his cell phone to record the protest, more than 50 municipal inspectors turned on him, attacking him for five minutes, Xinhua said. Wei was dead on arrival at a Tianmen hospital, the report said.
Qi Zhengjun, chief of the urban administration bureau in the city of Tianmen, lost his job over the incident,.
Chen Yizhong, a columnist on Xinhua's Web site, asked why violence by city inspectors is allowed to continue. Cities need administration, but urban administrators need to be governed by law first, he wrote.
An international press freedom group, Reporters Without Borders, protested the killing: Wei is the first 'citizen journalist' to die in China because of what he was trying to film . He was beaten to death for doing something which is
becoming more and more common and which was a way to expose law-enforcement officers who keep on overstepping their limits.
Films with graphic violence, including one [unrealistically] simulating the rape, torture and incineration of concentration camp victims, are being freely sold on the high street, prompting demands
by [nutter] MPs for a reform of the censorship laws.
SS Experiment Camp is one of a clutch of violent films banned 20 years ago by the director of public prosecutions that have been approved for general release by Britain’s film censors and are on sale in shops.
The BBFC said there was no evidence that the film causes harm to viewers, adding that there is nothing in this film that anybody should have any concerns about. The board states that sensibilities toward on-screen violence have changed
since the film was banned.
However, [Julian Brazier and several nutter] MPs have questioned the censors’ judgment and their greater tolerance of films and video games containing graphic violence. They want Gordon Brown to
give the public more power to appeal against the board’s decisions. The prime minister is set to meet a cross-party coalition of MPs to discuss toughening the laws on “video nasties”.
[The nutter] MPs are concerned that films previously considered so shocking that they were banned have been approved for general sale and are desensitising the public to extreme violence. They are
particularly worried by the decision of censors to grant a general release certificate to SS Experiment Camp , a 1970s low-budget movie that is sold alongside family films at high-street shops and online.
Jewish groups fear such films trivialise the suffering of Holocaust victims, who in the film are forced to have sex with Nazi commandants and are boiled alive if they refuse to “collaborate”. The blonde camp commandant forces a Jewish doctor to
perform sadistic experiments on women prisoners, including live ovary transplants.
Women dressed in striped prison uniforms are forced to become prostitutes, tortured, hung upside down and electrocuted. They are injected and incinerated after refusing to declare allegiance “to the supreme Fhrer”.
The film’s cover prominently displays the Nazi SS emblem and the words “Previously banned! Legally available for the first time”. Because it has an 18 certificate, it can be sold on the same shelves as U and PG certificate films.
SS Experiment Camp was approved for release by David Cooke, director of the BBFC, Sir Quentin Thomas, the president, and two vice-presidents, Janet Lewis-Jones and Lord Taylor of Warwick. Thomas is a former senior civil servant; Lewis-Jones and
Taylor are lawyers. Though it went on sale in October 2006, it has only just come to the attention of MPs, who are shocked by its contents.
A spokeswoman for the BBFC said SS Experiment Camp had been given a certificate with no cuts because we have no concerns about it. Although she accepted it contained sexual violence, she said the board did not believe it was harmful
to viewers. It is tasteless – but then I find most Mel Gibson films tasteless, she said. We do not believe that anyone watching this title is going to become antisemitic as a result. It is not going to create an attitude towards Jewish
women that is harmful.
A private member’s bill to be introduced by Julian Brazier, the Conservative MP for Canterbury, with support from senior MPs of all parties, would make it easier to challenge the release of “video nasties”.
Brazier strongly disputed the board’s claims and said the release of SS Experiment Camp was a clear case of the BBFC failing to protect the public.
We live in a country where half of all males think forced sex is justified under some circumstances and it’s this kind of film that glamorises the torture of women, Brazier said. This film may have an 18 certificate but in practice,
whatever its classification, it will rapidly find its way into the hands of under18s.
A motion by 50 MPs asking for a film’s release to be reconsidered would trigger an instant appeal, under the plans to be debated by parliament next month.
The move is backed by [nutter] Keith Vaz, the former Labour minister, who heads the powerful Commons home affairs committee.
The Holocaust Educational Trust called on the film censors to think again about their decision to release SS Experiment Camp , which was made in Italy by Sergio Garrone in 1976.
And to put the nonsense spouted by these ridiculous MPS here is a review from IMDb
The story involves a group of women who are delivered to the aforementioned SS Experiment Camp. While there they are subjected to some inexplicable experiments, which often seem to involve forced copulation with a group of
Nazi studs (who it has to be said all look strangely Italian). The purpose of the experiments is to find the best stud from this Aryan select and transfer his balls onto the camp commandant who, as we discover, lost his when a Russian woman he was
raping bit his off.
Now, the above synopsis may well make the film sound deeply depraved and offensive. Well, it is sleazy and in highly dubious taste but the execution of the film is so amateurish and unrealistic that it really sounds a lot worse than it actually
is. The depiction of the camp is more Butlins than Belsen at times. The inmates seem relatively unconcerned for the most part and the Nazi baddies are often hilariously unconvincing. That said, there are some nasty moments, particularly the
treatment meted out to the young girl at the orgy; she ends up hanging naked upside down in a shot that recalls the aforementioned distasteful cover shot. But, generally speaking, sequences that achieve such offense are uncommon here. The scenes
showing the experiments, while certainly tasteless, are often more strange than anything else. The copulation in a tank of water idea being an example where it is too bizarre to take altogether seriously.
A likely outcome of the Government commissioned Byron Report is that video games will get BBFC-style age ratings. And these will be
Ministers want to make it easier for parents to protect their children from violent games by introducing a new, simpler classification system based on age ratings used by the BBFC. Under the new scheme, it would become illegal for retailers to
sell any video game to a child who was younger than the age rating on the box. At present, only games with near video content are regulated.
The moves come after more than 400 children and 350 adults responded to an inquiry headed by television psychologist Dr Tanya Byron into the potential dangers to young people of the internet and video games. Her review, due to be published in
March, has found that people want clearer information about the content of video games.
Under the current rules, about 10% of the 2,000 or more video games produced each year are given an age rating from the BBFC. Only games that show sex, gross violence, criminal activity or drug use have to be referred to the BBFC. Shop staff can
be fined or even sent to prison if they sell a game to a child below the age rating.
The majority of games receive an age rating based on a voluntary system run by Pan-European Game Information (PEGI). PEGI ratings are not legally enforceable, however.
Eileen McCloy, who runs family rights group Not With My Child, said: Voluntary regulation rarely works, shopkeepers don't care so long as the child looks about the right age. It needs to be legally enforceable.
Gordon Brown has indicated that he is prepared to back Byron's recommendation for a single, legally backed classification system.
The Byron review has worked closely with the video games industry, which is worth more than £800m to the UK economy.
David Braben, the founder of Frontier Games, said there was already a strict regime in place which the industry went to great lengths to adhere to. He said parents and retailers must take some responsibility: The real question is how seriously
do people take the existing regime. I have been in a shop when a woman was buying an '18' game for what looked like a 10-year-old and you'll find that games like Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas , which has an 18 rating, are being played by
Sue Clark, the BBFC's head of communications, said: Our research shows that the public knows and understands the BBFC system and that the age limits relate to content not to their level of difficulty.
US television network ABC may have to pay a total fine of $1.4m (£707,000) for airing an episode of NYPD Blue which
depicted female nudity. The proposed penalty has been imposed on all 52 of ABC's stations who broadcast the episode.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) said the 2003 show had "multiple, close-up views" of a woman's buttocks before the US watershed.
The FCC deems "sexual or excretory activities" shown in an "offensive" way before 2200 as indecent.
ABC has rejected the claims, saying the buttocks are not a sexual organ. The scene in the police drama shows a boy surprising a naked woman as she prepared to take a shower.
The FCC said it received several complaints about the sequence, which also showed one of the woman's breasts.
An ABC spokeswoman said that the programme was broadcast with parental warnings and that the realistic nature of NYPD Blue's storylines was well-known to the viewing public.
The broadcaster has said it will appeal against the decision, which is the second largest indecency fine imposed on a broadcaster.
We should be able to oppose the government's crackdown on filesharing but...
Frank Fisher's always good column starts by discussing the suggested block on file sharing to be implemented by ISPs. He strays into the extreme porn debate to illustrate the failure of the government to be trusted with proper scrutiny of their
....And even if some legislation was introduced to formalise these server blocks, can we trust parliament to examine it properly?
If we take the example of the provisions in the current criminal justice and immigration bill regarding "extreme pornography" - closely targeted at internet users - then it's doubtful we can rely on the Commons at all. The third reading
debate was guillotined to just eight hours. "Extreme pornography" barely got a mention and the proposals to criminalise men who pay for sex, subject of so much debate here on Cif, did a little better. Just one MP was permitted to speak
for 15 seconds. If you want a shocking snapshot of the appalling way we're governed today, take a look at the Hansard transcripts, if you don't have time for that then this opening comment from Tory Edward Garnier to his clearly embarrassed Labour
opposite number, David Hanson, might give you an inkling of the mood: "May I begin by congratulating the minister on his ability to keep a straight face?"
By preventing debate the government was able to kick the bill to the House of Lords, where finally some sanity may prevail. Already half a dozen lords have spoken up to oppose the extreme pornography proposals, from one perspective or another -
not that you would know it from the media. We even had, thanks to the Earl of Onslow, a suggestion that what people get up to in their own homes, or own dungeons, might not be the proper concern of government. Can it really be that the UK's last
remaining defenders of individual freedom are the lords? Optimists even reckon that in Lords committee stages the bill might be stripped of its worse excesses.
Alarmed with the violent content of video games and the effect they have on children, the Information and Broadcasting Ministry has
decided to censor video games.
As per the proposal, the government will slot video games in terms of the age groups of kids they are suitable for, this classification is to be prominently displayed on the game pack.
The Ministry is considering an amendment in the Cinematograph Act, 1952, to give the Censor Board mandatory powers to check video games entering the Indian market.
Censor Board chief Sharmila Tagore had recently submitted a proposal to the ministry seeking powers to ask video games manufacturers to delete objectionable portions in the games. If required, the board should also be able to ban a particular
video game, the way it can ban a movie, she wrote.
Afghanistan has banned the import and exhibition of The Kite Runner , a film about the troubled friendship of two Afghan boys, on the grounds that it could incite violence.
The U.S. studio behind The Kite Runner , based on the 2003 best-selling novel by U.S.-based Afghan author Khaled Hosseini, last year had to get its three young stars out of their homeland before the movie debut to protect them from a
Paramount Vantage released the film last month after delays due to the extraordinary precautions taken to address concerns about the film’s depiction of one boy’s rape and other scenes of conflict between members of Pashtun and Hazara tribes.
On the basis of the instruction of the Information and Culture Ministry, The Kite Runner film’s depiction and import has been banned, Latif Ahmadi, the head of state-run Afghan Film told Reuters: Because some of its scenes are
questionable and unacceptable for some people and would cause sensitiveness and would cause trouble for the government and people.
In one controversial scene, Hassan is raped in an alley by a Pashtun bully. The rape scene is considered inflammatory and anti-Islamic in Afghan society.
Adding to the furor over whether non-Muslims have the right to use the word “Allah” in their publications and religious practice, it
is reported that officials confiscated English-language Christian children’s books because they contained images of prophets.
The government reportedly said Internal Security Ministry officials confiscated the books because their illustrations of prophets offended the sensitivities of Muslims. Islam, which shares some prophets in common with Christianity, prohibits the
portrayal of prophets.
Enforcement officials of the Publications and Al-Quran Texts Control Department under the Internal Security Ministry reportedly confiscated the books from three bookstores in Johor Bahru, Senawang and Ipoh in mid-December.
The books have been sent to the department’s headquarters in Putrajaya for investigation. Managers of the MPH bookstores reportedly said they will wait for the Internal Security Ministry’s decision on the books.
In a statement released on January 17 , the Rev. Dr. Hermen Shastri, general-secretary of the Council of Churches Malaysia questioned how the books could be offensive to Muslims when they were not meant for them. In the strongly worded statement
about the seizures, Shastri said government officials have no right and have overstepped their bounds by confiscating Christian literature.
He urged the prime minister and his Cabinet to take immediate action to put a stop to such seizures and to amend administrative rules and regulations especially in the Internal Security Ministry that give a free hand to enforcement officials to
act at their whim and fancies.
At the same time, the debate over whether non-Muslims can use the word “Allah” in publications and religious practice was stoked when the Internal Security Ministry told the Sun on January 16 that it had confiscated a total of 163 publications
comprising 18 titles from bookshops nationwide.
A ministry official told the daily that the seizures were made because the word “Allah” was used in the books. But Deputy Internal Ministry Minister Johari Baharum reportedly said that the ministry did not target Christian books.
An underground market for the new unauthorised Tom Cruise biography has sprung up on auction site eBay, with Australian buyers willing to pay a significant premium for the book.
There were dozens of auctions for T om Cruise: An Unauthorized Biography - many offering multiple copies - and bidders willing to pay up to $61.50. The book is available on Amazon.com for about $30, including shipping.
The book is now number one on the Amazon best-seller list.
It will not be printed in Australia and US distributors have now said they will no longer export the book, by British author Andrew Morton, outside the US and Canada.
But eBay sellers are getting around the ban on the book by having partners make bulk retail purchases in the US.
We've got two shipments coming, the first is 150 books," said a man selling the books on ebay, Wojtek: We're buying multiples of 100 at a time. The demand is quite substantial, we need to get in as many as we can as quick as
In an open letter, the International Press Institute (IPI), the global network of editors, media executives and leading journalists in over
120 countries, criticises the ongoing failure of the Turkish government to reform the internationally denounced article 301 of the Turkish penal code.
H.E. Recep Tayyip Erdogan Prime Minister of Turkey
H.E. Abdullah Gl President of Turkey
The International Press Institute (IPI), the global network of editors, media executives and leading journalists in over 120 countries, would like to express its disappointment at the Turkish government’s failure to initiate reform of the criminal
defamation articles laid down in the Turkish penal code, in particular article 301.
As you are aware, article 301 criminalises insults to "Turkishness" and carries a sentence of up to three years imprisonment. This article has been heavily criticised by the international community and its reform is a prerequisite to
Turkey’s accession to the European Union.
According to information before IPI, comments made on 7 January by Mehmet Ali Sahin, the Turkish Minister for Justice, suggested that the long awaited reforms to article 301 were due to be brought to Parliament last week for debate. However, Prime
Minister Tayyip Erdogan denied this the following day, stating that the draft reforms were incomplete. Certain press reports suggested that the reform package would be introduced to the floor of the Turkish parliament this week. However, this has
not yet happened.
IPI would like to urge the Turkish government to reform article 301, as the threats it represents to freedom of expression are in stark contrast to the rights laid out in Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights.
The willingness of the Turkish government to tackle this issue has special relevance at this moment in time. This week sees the first anniversary of the brutal murder of Turkish-Armenian journalist Hrant Dink, who was killed outside his offices in
Istanbul on 19 January 2007. Dink, who was nominated IPI World Press Freedom Hero for 2007, had his conviction for breaching article 301 upheld in July 2006. Dink had received various threats from nationalists, and his murder was followed by
widespread calls for changes to article 301, including an admission by President Gul in October 2007 of the necessity to reform this pernicious law. However, the article remains on the statute books.
IPI urges the Turkish government to place the package of reforms before parliament and to repeal article 301, and in doing so fulfil its obligations as a modern democracy. IPI also urges the Turkish government to repeal all other laws that impinge
on freedom of speech, such as article 318, which criminalises "alienating the public from military service", and article 5816, which contains provisions for "insulting or cursing the memory of Ataturk".
Both of these laws were applied this week against Yasin Yetisgen, editor-in-chief of the newspaper Coban Atesi.
Parliament human right committee condemns dangerous pictures bill
From the IRNA see full article
Measures in the new Criminal Justice and Immigration Bill will infringe human rights in the UK and should be amended or
dropped, an all-party parliamentary committee warned Friday.
The bill lays out proposals across policy areas as diverse as blasphemy laws, dealing with prostitution, youth offending and the proposed ban on prison workers striking.
It has been described by the government as an exercise in rebalancing the criminal justice system in favour of the law abiding majority.
But the Joint Select Committee on Human Rights (JCHR) warned that there were many serious implications for the rights and freedoms of UK citizens.
This is yet another criminal justice bill with potentially enormous implications for human rights in this country, said JCHR chair Andrew Dismore. We have serious questions about the Government's justification for some of these
proposals, he said.
Dismore said there were particular concerns whether the Government is seeking to protect public safety in the face of genuine threats or using legislation to deal with exaggerated public perceptions about crime levels.
The new crime of possessing "extreme" pornography was said to be too vague and the criteria too subjective, while new "Violent Offender Orders" were also not well defined and represent another resort to methods of control
outside the proper criminal process.
US Catholics are calling for the cancellation of Jerry Springer – The Opera in Concert scheduled for performance at Carnegie Hall in New York City on January 29 and 30.
The controversial production is being opposed by The American TFP and its America Needs Fatima campaign. The group’s web site, www.tfp.org, is asking its readers to voice their concern by signing an e-mail protest addressed to Mr. Sanford Weill,
Chairman of the Carnegie Hall Board of Directors.
The e-mail message states: The show is vulgar beyond description and is an egregious display of blasphemy. Over 82% of America is Christian. Millions feel insulted by this show.
We’re hoping Carnegie Hall will just cancel the show and avoid becoming a center for the promotion of blasphemy and indecency, said TFP spokesman Robert Ritchie. The show mocks everything Catholics hold sacred: the crucifixion, Jesus and
the Virgin Mary. The Annunciation is described as a rape. Nudity and profanity abound and Catholic beliefs are ravaged.
Rockstar is not wholly impressed by the High Court judgement, and expressed their feelings on the matter in a statement issued to the press:
"We believe the VAC decision was correct and do not understand the court's decision to expend further public resources to censor a game that contains content well within the bounds established by the BBFC's 18-plus
The spat over the Air Hostess War TV soap ended yesterday after a talk hosted by Culture Ministry.
The producers, Exact, agreed to remove any fight scenes of characters in flight attendant uniforms, to make the uniform skirts two inches longer and to add some scenes showing cabin crew working hard for passengers.
Battle of Angels director Nipon Phewnena said the changes were not seen as damaging because he wanted everyone to be happy and feel better about the soap opera, and he affirmed this would not affect the story's intensity, continuity and
Nipon admitted audience ratings had actually increased following the flight attendant's movement against it, although he insisted it was not the kind of ratings boost the producers were proud of. He said this had taught drama producers to work
The Thai Airways International (THAI) Union acting chairman Somsak Srinuan said the union was satisfied with Exact's proposal and would keep a close watch for such improvements in the soap opera.
The United Nations has called on Afghanistan to review the case of an Afghan journalist sentenced to death this week for blasphemy, saying it had doubts about whether the trial had been fair.
An Afghan court sentenced Sayed Perwiz Kambakhsh, 23, a reporter with the Jahan-e Now daily paper, to death on Tuesday after he was found guilty of blasphemy.
The pressures for punishment, warnings to journalists, as well as the holding of this case in closed session without Mr Kambakhsh having legal representation point to possible misuse of the judicial process, Bo Asplund, chief UN
representative in Afghanistan, said in a statement.
Afghanistan’s constitution commits it to upholding Islamic and universal human rights values, which are clearly compatible. We urge a proper and complete review of this case as it goes through the appeals process.
Today we got a letter from the head of the number one Turkish atheist site which has been removed by the Turkish government
twice. Once under the original domain and again under another domain. Unfortunately, the owner is unable to fight this in court because to do so, he would have to identify himself which, if you're familiar, will end up resulting in his head being
chopped off by the peaceful and loving Muslims who work for Allah. If you speak Turkish and you are an atheist please support this site:
Ateizm.org , the most prominent non-profit Turkish web site on atheism and religions was closed for the second time in December 2007, under orders from a Turkish court. Ateizm.org was established in 2000 by three young Turkish atheists who devoted
themselves to the enlightenment of Turkish people. Ateizm.org hosts an online discussion board named Ateistforum
, one of the busiest forums for the Turkish speaking online community over the Internet.
Many aspects of Ateizm.org are considered to be revolutionary for Turkey. First time in the history of Turkey every conceivable aspect of Islam is being openly, scientifically, honestly and courageously discussed and criticized. Over the years
many thousands of articles appeared in the forum, many of which referred to the verses of Koran and Hadits. With the possible exception of Ilhan Arsel and Turan Dursun's studies, Koran had never been criticized in Turkey so much before. In
addition to these short communications, numerous satires, short stories, poems, comments and lengthy articles were published. A few years after the inception of Ateizm.org, a separate science forum was established and started to enlighten young
During its lifetime Ateizm.org was hacked three times and experienced some serious hosting problems. We survived all of them with flying colors and started over wherever we had left. Last year, however, our web site encountered a different and
more ominous kind of problem. In June 2007, without warning, our web site was closed to its Turkish audience with a court order based on a legal action taken by a Turkish creationist named "Adnan Oktar" (now widely known by his pen name
"Harun Yahya"Eye-wink. Since ateizm.org was hosted in the US, it remained accessible from abroad, but inaccessible to its main audience in Turkey. If we hired a lawyer and challenged the court order, we probably would have won our case.
But we do not want to disclose our identities. This is our biggest weakness. According to our lawyer, there is no way to take a legal action in Turkey and remain anonymous at the same time. Many Turkish intellectuals who were against Islam and
outspoken about their views on religion were murdered by Islamic fundamentalists in the past. We do not want to risk our lives.
Since we were unable to challenge the court order, we chose to change our domain name to Ateizm1.org and remained in operation. We continued to bitterly criticize a Turkish creationist organization called "Science Research Foundation"
("Bilim Arastirma Vakfi" or "BAV"Eye-wink and its honorary president Harun Yahya. In December 2007 Ateizm.org (then called Ateizm1.org) was closed to Turkish audience for the second time by another court order.
During 2007 Turkish Telecom has been busy blocking access to many other web sites(*), including YouTube, but they had to back off from YouTube ban due to public outrage.
We know that if Turkish media or Turkish Government is criticized in Europe or US, they listen and pay more attention to it. Becoming a full member of the European Union is crucial for Turks, therefore whenever issues related to democracy, freedom
of speech, human rights and alike are raised in the West, they are taken seriously, sometimes even addressed by the government, particularly if the issue is something that affects Turkey's image or credibility in the West. Therefore it is vitally
important that we find prominent international allies eager to support our cause by publicizing this issue as much as possible. We need a lot of noise!
Some of the web sites blocked by Turkish Telecom in 2007:
In an all-day hearing at the Royal Courts of Justice in London, the Honourable Mr Justice Mitting sided with the BBFC's argument that the Video Appeals committee (VAC) had erred when considering whether Manhunt 2 could be
considered harmful to minors who viewed it.
Whereas the VAC interpreted this as "actual harm," the BBFC and Mitting believed it should be taken in a broader scope of "potential harm and risk of harm." The BBFC also argued that the VAC based its decision on whether or not
the game would have a "devastating effect on society," and argued that this "harm threshold" was too high.
Rockstar argued that due to the human right to expression, the game should never have been banned in the first place, and that even if Mitting found that the law had been misinterpreted, he should let the VAC's decision stand. Mitting responded by
saying he did not feel qualified to make such a decision on the case, having not been involved in it since the beginning, but told the VAC that it should bear this criteria in mind when making their new decision.
During the proceedings, it also emerged that there are several stages to the decision made by the VAC in cases such as this. The first is whether the material is question is criminal (for example, containing child pornography), and Manhunt 2
was ruled to not contain anything of this nature.
The second decision is whether it will cause harm to adults, and once more, it was found that the game was not likely to do this. The third point was whether or not it was likely to be viewed by minors, and in response to that criteria, Rockstar
argued that the BBFC's certification worked and that children were unlikely to have access to the game. However, the VAC ruled this was not the case because children were likely to have access.
The fourth decision was whether or not harm would be caused to minors if they viewed or played the game, and the vote was 4-3 in deciding that it would not. All members of the VAC admitted that it had been a very difficult case.
After quashing the VAC's decision, Mitting explained, In the circumstances, it seems to me the only just method of ending this. He stipulated that the same seven members of the VAC must now reconvene and make a new decision based on the
guidelines he laid down in the courtroom today. It is understood that this is likely to happen within the next two weeks, which would in theory put an end to the protracted legal drama.
More than 200 viewers have complained over an EastEnders episode this week that featured a violent knife attack on a 13-year-old
Tuesday night's edition, which aired on BBC1 at 7.30pm, saw character Jay Brown lured into a football game where he was stabbed by a gang of youths.
At least 200 people have since complained to the BBC, while a further seven contacted media regulator Ofcom.
A BBC spokeswoman defended the storyline, saying it did not glamorise the use of knives: EastEnders has always tackled difficult issues and we acknowledge that some viewers could consider this storyline challenging.
However, we aim to reflect real issues and during this storyline the audience will see Jay's torment through to him deciding not to yield to peer pressure like his father did many years ago. This is part of a long-running storyline that in no
way glamorises the use of knives, or portrays violence in a positive light.
Andy Burnham, previously chief secretary to the Treasury, has been appointed culture secretary.
Burnham, 38, replaces James Purnell, who has moved to the department of work and pensions following the resignation of Peter Hain.
Cambridge-educated Burnham entered parliament in 2001, winning the safe Labour seat of Leigh, Greater Manchester.
He had previously gained expertise in the media while working as a special adviser to the former culture secretary Chris Smith. He also worked as a researcher for Smith's successor, Tessa Jowell, after becoming an MP.
State Delegate Lionell Spruill has proposed a bill to the Virginia State Assembly that would outlaw
replications of genitalia being displayed on motor vehicles. If the bill were signed into law, any violation would be subjected to a fine of $250.
The idea for the bill came to Spruill after his young daughter saw rubber testicles hanging from the trailer hitch of a pick-up truck and asked he father to explain.
I didn't know what to tell her,' Spruill said.
The rubber testicles are marketed on BullsBalls.com.
4th May 2008
A bill in Virginia, aimed at rubber trailer hitch replicas of human genitalia, died in committee this year.
The Sex Party was ready to party over its "victory" in Federal Court, which ruled that Canada Post must rewrite its
guidelines on what constitutes explicit sex.
We consider this a victory, said John Ince, the president of the Sex Party, a registered political party in British Caledonia I think it's a victory for the rule of law. It's saying that Canada Post is not above the law. It can't just
ignore cabinet regulations and just do whatever it wants in the area of sex.
Ince was reacting to a decision by Federal Court Justice Michel Beaudry to the Sex Party's challenge of Canada Post's refusal to deliver a mass mail-out of a political pamphlet during the 2006 federal election because it deemed it offensive and
sexually explicit without explaining what that meant.
We are trying to make our society, and especially our government institutions, more tolerant and accepting of healthy sexual expression, said Ince.
The pamphlet was titled Politics for a Sex-Positive Future. It contained erotic art images and outlined the party's platform.
Canada Post has been relying on basically an illegal internal rule to prohibit our material and, indeed, all sexual material, said Ince.
He said that the government had previously ruled that the mail must be delivered unless the contents were illegal.
The court gave Canada Post six months to rewrite its policy.
We're examining our policies, said Lillian Au, spokeswoman for Canada Post.
A Private Malaysian television station 8TV has been banned from broadcasting live and delayed telecast concerts for three months.
The Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC) said it has also imposed a ban on artiste Faizal Tahir for live or delayed concerts aired by other TV stations for the same period.
MCMC corporate communications department director Muhamad Tahir Muhamad Noor said in a statement that the rulings, following an investigation into the live Rockin' Birthday Concert by 8TV on Sunday where Faizal bared his chest
He said 8TV had failed to comply with conditions for a live and delayed telecast: The commission found the artiste’s act was intended without taking into account the sentiments and sensitivities of the viewers and public values.
During the Rockin' Birthday Concert, Faizal, a former member of nasyid group Mirwana, took off his shirt, exposing his body painted with an “S” in red.
An ad campaign for Boots' nipple cream has escaped a ban from the advertising watchdog.
A press ad, for the Boots Expert moisturising nipple cream, ran in magazines including OK!, Mother & Baby, Best and Chat. It featured a sketch drawing of a woman holding her baby at arm's length with a grimace on her face. Her dress was open
and showed the skin on her breast stretched taut from the baby's mouth. In the ad the woman complains that breastfeeding has caused her to have extremely sore nipples.
Text at the foot of the ad states: If you've got cracked nipples, Boots understands how it feels ... The new Boots Expert range. For every problem, there's now an expert solution.
The Advertising Standards Authority received a total of 19 complaints about the ad from members of the public and organisations including the Association of Breastfeeding Mothers and the National Childbirth Trust.
Complainants said the ads were misleading because they implied that sore nipples were normal when breastfeeding, whereas in fact it was usually due to incorrect feeding techniques. The complainants added that the ad was also misleading because
Boots positioned its cream as the only product that could alleviate the problem of sore nipples.
They also argued that the ads were irresponsible, because they might discourage new mothers from seeking professional guidance about correct feeding, and offensive because they presented an unfair and negative image of breastfeeding.
Boots said the ads were designed to look at a problem commonly experienced by mothers in a light-hearted and humorous way. In its ruling, the ASA said breast-feeding mothers were likely to be reasonably well informed about the causes
of sore nipples through antenatal classes and literature.
The advertising regulator concluded that the campaign sought to offer the Boots cream as a product to alleviate sore nipples and that it would not discourage new mothers from seeking professional guidance about correct techniques.
It also said the ads did not present an "unfair or negative" image of breastfeeding and therefore were not likely to cause widespread offence.
The online advertising industry should consider a TV-style watershed ban to restrict the marketing of products including alcohol on
the internet, according to a report.
Online advertising's rapid growth will lead to the medium facing a "barrage of obstacles" this year, forecast the trend report by the international industry forum group, Deloitte.
The report argues that with this continuing growth will come the increasing scrutiny of digital media advertising by regulators keen to see the industry introduce self-regulatory controls seen in other media.
UK TV channels adhere to a 9pm watershed, policed by communications regulator Ofcom, before which programming and ads deemed unsuitable for children cannot be broadcast.
While a watershed, a time before which certain content cannot be shown, exists for television and radio, this typically does not apply to the internet. The online advertising industry should self-regulate and implement technology that would
enable watersheds and restrict certain types of advertising, such as for alcoholic drinks.
Deloitte's report also argues that there may be a backlash by consumers against too many commercial messages on the internet - as was seen by the revolt by Facebook users against the intrusive Beacon advertising system.
One 2007 survey of US consumers found that over three quarters of respondents considered internet advertisements more intrusive than those in print, said the report: Over a quarter said that they would pay for advertisement-free online
A key mission for the advertising sector in 2008 should be to fight back against its critics by demonstrating - without rhetoric - its capabilities, said the report. Deloitte added that companies should push the "quid pro quo" of
internet advertising, namely that it funds all the content users expect to get for free.
The Pakistani government has issued a new ordinance to prevent cyber crimes some of which can be punished
with death or life in prison. Media and civil society organisations have criticised the new legislation calling it another attack on freedom of expression and on freedom of the press.
The law, which was adopted in secret and is retroactive to 31 December 2007, encompasses 18 offences that carry severe punishments.
But Peter Jacob begs to differ. For the executive secretary of the National Commission for Justice and Peace, the human rights agency of the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of Pakistan, this bill is a restriction on media and electronic
communication. Under this legislation it will be very problematic to send SMS or e-mails. They will become a crime.
For him the secret rush by the caretaker government to approve the ordinance is baseless since we will have a new government in a month time. Unfortunately the government has bad advisers and for this reason it adopted a bad law at a bad
According to Pakistan’s National Journalists’ Forum, this law will negatively affect the right of the people to have access to information and their freedom of expression. The fact that it was adopted by an illegitimate government a month
before the elections makes it another tool of censorship.
The Committee to Protect Journalists is concerned that the Burmese government has suspended the weekly Myanmar Times for one
week as a result of its publication of unauthorized news, according to international news reports.
Burma’s Press Scrutiny Board ordered the temporary closure because of the newspaper’s January 11 Burmese-language edition, which included an article about the government’s decision to raise satellite fees from 6,000 kyat (US$4.80) to 1 million
kyat (US$800). Many Burmese citizens have privately installed satellite dishes in recent years to receive foreign news broadcasts instead of the heavily censored, government-controlled fare.
The newspaper apparently did not receive prior government permission to publish the news item, which was first reported by Agence France-Presse. All news publications in Burma publish as weekly editions because of a time-consuming pre-censorship
process which systematically ensures that nearly no news critical of the government is published.
That the government prohibits the media from reporting on its own pronouncements confirms the absurdity of Burma’s censorship regulations, said Joel Simon, CPJ’s executive director.
Myanmar Times Editor-in-Chief Ross Dunkley told CPJ last year that on average 20% of the articles his paper submits to the censorship board every week are rejected and that he must maintain a stock of soft news stories to fill the gaps created on
The Justice Dept. has requested a rehearing of the 6th Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals’ ruling in the Connection Distributing
case, in which the court found 18 U.S.C. 2257 record keeping requirements unconstitutional.
The government has requested a rehearing “en banc,” meaning that they want all the appellate court’s judges to consider the issue. In its petition for a rehearing, the Justice Dept. argued that the 6th Circuit panel that issued the October
decision erred in several ways, including by extending the statute to reach ‘producers’ of content that is not subject to the law.
Construing the age verification and recordkeeping provisions to apply to private couples who create explicit images of themselves for personal use in their own homes, the panel invalidated the act on the ground that it is so over-inclusive that
it can no longer constitutionally be applied even to producers of commercial images for the pornography industry, the Justice Dept. stated in its petition.
The BBFC have kindly provided an extended explanation of their uncut 18 certificate for the Tarantino and Rodriguez double bill:
GRINDHOUSE is a co-production from Quentin Tarantino and Robert Rodriquez which emulates a B-movie double-bill. It includes two films, Death Proof and Planet Terror , plus spoof trailers for non-existent films.
The work as a whole was passed '18' because of some strong bloody violence and gore in both the films and the spoof trailers.
Planet Terror includes 'the strongest gory images' of the sort specified in the BBFC Guidelines as 'unlikely to be acceptable' at '15'. However, these images largely consist of unrealistic and comically excessive gore involving zombies and
are not problematic at '18'. Death Proof shows occasional strong violence including two car crash scenes which go beyond the BBFC Guidelines for '15' works which state that 'violence may be strong but may not dwell on the infliction
of...injury'. The spoof trailers in GRINDHOUSE also involve some brief strong sexual images in the context of spoof horror films. These images are in deliberately bad taste but are unrealistic and fleeting images shown for comic effect, and were
thought to be acceptable at '18' where the BBFC Guidelines state that 'concerns will not normally override the wish that adults should be free to choose their own entertainment, within the law'.
GRINDHOUSE also contains strong language, some strong sex references and a moderate sex scene.
In the documentary Weekend “Nazis”, reporter John Sweeney investigated people who spent their leisure time re-enacting incidents and activities from World War Two. The report focused, in particular, on those who chose to wear Nazi uniforms.
Filming took place at a World War Two re-enactment weekend in Kent. Towards the end of the programme, undercover filming revealed that a minority of the people involved had extreme racist views.
Two viewers contacted Ofcom to complain about uncensored offensive language broadcast in the programme, including the words “nigger” and “coons”. This language was also included in on-screen subtitles which accompanied the undercover filming
section. The complainants, who were watching with children, objected that these words were not edited from the broadcast when other strong language (for example “fuck”) was masked.
Whilst not disputing the offensive nature of these terms, the BBC replied that their inclusion was justified by the context of the programme and there were editorial reasons behind leaving these terms of racial abuse within the programme whilst
bleeping out other forms of offensive language.
The BBC argued that John Sweeney’s revelations as regards a disturbing side to a World War Two re-enactment were made apparent early on and were reinforced in the second half of the programme. Therefore viewers would be aware soon after the
commencement of the programme of its potential to “disturb and offend”. The BBC’s view was that to have bleeped out the racially offensive terms would have risked confusing the audience and obscuring the programme’s findings.
Ofcom decided that investigative journalism plays an essential role in public service broadcasting and is clearly in the public interest. Ofcom considers it of paramount importance that broadcasters...continue to explore controversial subject
matter. While such programmes can make for uncomfortable viewing, they are essential to our understanding of the world around us.” Although the use of offensive swear words was masked, the unedited broadcast of the racist terms underlined one of
the main purposes of this documentary – to expose racist views among certain people involved in a World War Two re-enactment. If the racist words had been edited out, this section of the programme would have had significantly less impact.
Also Weekend “Nazis” , although broadcast pre-watershed, was aimed at an adult audience. Viewing figures show that under-eighteens comprised only a small minority of the total audience. Given the title of the programme and the information
available in listings publications and accompanying publicity, there was likely to be an awareness of the type of material to be included in such a broadcast. This, we believe, shaped the expectations of the audience and helped prepare them for
the limited amount of offensive content. Viewers were likely to have recognised that such a documentary may not be suitable for young children. Further, the programme was in the timeslot normally occupied by Panorama which is known for its
challenging and often hard hitting content. On balance therefore, not in breach
When asked to name countries that impose extensive internet censorship, you might think of China, Iran, or North Korea; I doubt
you'd think of the UK, but, after the home secretary Jacqui Smith's speech to the International Centre for Study of Radicalisation and Political Violence today, you really should.
Smith's headline-grabbing proposal, to use the same tools against "extremist" websites as are currently used against child pornography, should worry us all. Few hard details are available, but if we take her at her word this is a
dangerous extension of government powers, with a dangerous lack of oversight. Press talk of extremist websites being taken down is foolish and betrays a lack of understanding of the internet. Just as with child pornography, web servers within the
UK, maintained by UK ISPs or not, can be dealt with legally and technically relatively easily. Those outside our borders - ie, the vast majority, in both cases - are beyond our laws and technical reach, but the content they supply is not. Blocking
traffic from servers that host child porn - effectively at our geographical borders - has been a UK government goal for some time, and in 2007 they made a huge step towards that.
A court in Afghanistan has sentenced a local journalist to death for blasphemy.
Perwiz Kambakhsh, 23, was arrested on October 27 for allegedly distributing material he downloaded from the Internet and deemed offensive to Islam among fellow students at northern Balkh University.
Based on the crimes Perwiz Kambakhsh committed, the primary court yesterday sentenced him to the most serious punishment which is the death penalty, Balkh province deputy attorney general Hafizullah Khaliqyar told AFP.
The reporter's brother and fellow journalist Sayed Yaqub Ibrahimi told AFP that Khaliqyar had threatened to arrest journalists who 'support' Kambakhsh at a media briefing where officials defended the arrest of the reporter.
Ignoring the threats, journalists were gathering outside Ibrahimi's house to organise a 'possible' protest.
Ibrahimi said the trial was held behind closed doors and without any lawyer defending him.
Global media watchdog Reporters Without Borders appealed to Afghan President Hamid Karzai to intervene. We are deeply shocked by this trial, carried out in haste and without any concern for the law or for free expression, which is protected by
the constitution, Reporters Without Borders said: Kambakhsh did not do anything to justify his being detained or being given this sentence. We appeal to President Hamid Karzai to intervene before it is too late.
The group said Kambakhsh was supposedly arrested because of a controversial article commenting on verses in the Koran about women, although it has now been established that he was not the article's author. It seems more likely that the charges
were a pretext meant to intimidate and stop his brother from reporting about the plight of women.
Kambakhsh has the right to appeal to higher courts.
China shut down 44,000 Web sites and homepages and arrested 868 people last year in a campaign against Internet porn which
will continue until the end of this year's Beijing Olympics, Xinhua news agency has said.
China launched a crackdown on online pornography and "unhealthy" Web content after Chinese President Hu Jintao said the country's sprawling Internet posed a threat to social stability.
Rights groups have said the campaign has been used as a thinly veiled pretext to crack down on dissent and round up online dissidents ahead of the Olympics.
Xinhua said authorities had also investigated 524 criminal cases involving online porn and "penalised" another 1,911 people. Some 440,000 "pornographic messages" had also been deleted, the agency said.
Ofcom have reported on a series of fuck ups featuring strong language where the 'wrong version' was shown before the watershed
Living, 14 October 2007, 17:00
Dirty Cows is a reality show in which city girls compete to be a young farmer’s date. Seven viewers complained about the use of the word “fucking” on a number of
occasions in this pre-watershed programme.
Ofcom notes Virgin Media Television’s explanation for the error and the apology and acknowledges the steps taken to prevent any similar occurrence. However, the word “fucking” was used on four separate occasions in this programme. Breach of Rule
1.14 of the Code.
UK’s Toughest Jobs
Discovery+1, 20 October 2007, 16:00
UK’s Toughest Jobs is a reality programme that follows unemployed youths who agree to take on demanding jobs in a variety of industries. This episode featured three young people who worked in the airline salvage business. A viewer objected
to the inclusion of offensive language (“fuck”, “fucking”, “shit” and “bollocks”).
In this case, the language was clearly the most offensive and not suitable for broadcast before the watershed. Ofcom welcomes the improved compliance procedures that the broadcaster has initiated in response to this complaint to ensure there is no
recurrence of this problem. However, Ofcom considers it appropriate to record a breach of Rule 1.14 of the Code.
Rich Kids’ Cattle Drive
E! Entertainment, 29 October 2007, 17:20
Rich Kids’ Cattle Drive is a reality programme that features the children of celebrities working on a Colorado cattle ranch. A viewer objected to the repeated broadcast of offensive language (“fuck” and “fucking”) at a time that was
I n Bulletin 52, a breach of Rule 1.14 was also recorded in relation to the same series. At that time, the broadcaster assured us that it would put in place additional checks to ensure no recurrence of the problem. In the current case, while we
acknowledge that the inclusion of the most offensive language was a result of human error, Ofcom is very concerned that the broadcaster still did not have sufficiently robust compliance systems in place in October 2007 to prevent such mistakes.
Ofcom therefore puts the broadcaster on notice that it will consider taking further regulatory action in the event of any future Code breach.
F1: Japanese Grand Prix
ITV1, 30 September 2007, 04:30
Ofcom received two complaints about ITV1’s coverage of the Formula 1 Japanese Grand Prix . Both complainants objected to the use of the word “fuck” by Mark Webber, a driver who was interviewed ‘live’ after the race, at 07:05.
Ofcom accepts that ‘live’ broadcasting poses special compliance challenges for broadcasters. Nonetheless, a broadcaster must do its utmost to ensure compliance with the Code. In deciding what action to take in this case, Ofcom took into account
that the broadcaster acted appropriately by ceasing the interview immediately and apologising twice, and that audience figures showed the number of child viewers at the time the offensive language was broadcast was very low. Ofcom therefore
considers the matter resolved.
Social networking giant MySpace has entered into an agreement with 49 US states that includes the elimination of all links to adult
Utah Attorney General Mark Shurtleff said: Kids face a real danger on web sites like MySpace because they never know who they are communicating with online. This agreement recognizes the intentions of MySpace to make improvements but it is my
hope that all social networking sites will find additional ways to protect children.
Such a move would pose further challenges for legitimate adult marketers that rely on receiving traffic from these popular portals to fuel their websites – an especially popular option for solo-model and personality website owners.
As part of its agreement with the state attorneys general, MySpace will:
Strengthen software identifying underage users
Retain a contractor to identify and eliminate inappropriate images
Allow parents to send their child's e-mail address so MySpace can restrict the child from signing in or creating a profile
Obtain and constantly update a list of pornographic web sites and regularly sever any links between them and MySpace
Create a closed "high school" section for users under 18
Implement changes making it harder for adults to contact children
Dedicate resources to educating children and parents about online safety
Provide a way to report abuse on every content page, consider adopting a common mechanism to report abuse and respond within 72 hours to abuse reports.
MySpace will also create and lead an Internet Safety Technical Task Force; which in conjunction with the attorneys general and other social networking sites, experts and groups will develop improved Internet safety practices. Reports will be
issued quarterly, with a report on the group's formal findings and recommendations planned for a late 2008 release.
Watch Ezra Levant
, editor of the Canadian Western Standard, put up a robust defence of his right to publish the Danish Mohammed cartoons.
He was scandalously called to account for himself by the Alberta Human Rights Commission. See him tell them off:
Here’s a transcript from his opening statement:
For a government bureaucrat to call any publisher or anyone else to an interrogation to be quizzed about his political or religious expression is a violation of 800 years of common law, a Universal Declaration of Rights, a
Bill of Rights and a Charter of Rights. This commission is applying Saudi values, not Canadian values. It is also deeply procedurally one-sided and unjust. The complainant – in this case, a radical Muslim imam, who was trained at an officially
anti-Semitic university in Saudi Arabia, and who has called for sharia law to govern Canada – doesn’t have to pay a penny; Alberta taxpayers pay for the prosecution of the complaint against me. The victims of the complaints, like the Western
Standard, have to pay for their own lawyers from their own pockets. Even if we win, we lose – the process has become the punishment.
Not so sure that the adverse publicity can possibly do any harm to scientology. As far as I can see it is a glorified course in self empowerment. And the power to censor and restrict is being shown...so scientology is therefore proven to be
Thanks to Byron
The publishers of Tom Cruise: An Unauthorized Biography have told US Amazon not to send the book to customers from outside of the USA and Canada.
The LiveJournal management have demonstrated a serious lack of understanding in how the internet works by declaring that users are responsible for the content of the webpages that they link to in their blog entries.
A user points out the obvious flaw: I get ToS’d because the link’s been redirected to a page full o’ porn, even though context clearly shows that when I originally put up the link that it didn’t actually land on a page of porn?
One wonders how such a long-established blogging company can be so ignorant about the nature of the world wide web.
OKNation is a Thai blog hosting company associated with the Nation newspaper group. They have recently been deleting blogs without
For instance Lalida's blog about the "3rd gender" (lady boys) was shut down yesterday with no warning. Even the posts about Lalida’s transgender blog have been deleted.]
The blogger wrote: Lalida is banned because it targeted on the “3rd gender” that falls under our rule which wants to keep out attacks on personality and debates that involve racism or sexism.
Putushon of the Republic of Poetry blog recently reported the deletion of his blog on OK Nation. His account has been restricted on December 20. On January 8, the blog has been entirely deleted without warning.
Previously Wayward's blog has been banned due to strong language. Independent Press, an anti-junta government blog, has also been deleted by OK Nation.
OK Nation, part of the Nation Group, is a blog community platform with fine ideals...
OK Nation was established in order to building a place for intellectual freedom. Everyone has his own right to write and distribute via the Internet, the most effective communication channel.
The Nation Group as a media who are honest, trustworthy, updated, and creative, opens blogs for everyone to share stories in your daily life, experiences, knowledge and opinion to others freely."
But censorial rules:
Any writings or opinions must not insult or affect the institution of nation, religion, and king or affect the stability of the nation.
Do not use rude, insulting, instigating language giving faults to other or breaking up the society. Also do not include pornographic and obscene image, video clip and words.
OK Nation reserves right to close any blog and delete any content or opinion that are against the above statement without prior notification to the blog or opinion owners.
Pervez Musharraf has lifted a ban on Pakistan's most popular television station, less than a month before parliamentary elections
which could be pivotal in the country's return to democracy.
Geo News and its sister sports channel began broadcasting at 6pm yesterday, just hours after the Pakistani president began his eight-day EU tour in which he is seeking to reassure Pakistan's partners that the democratic transition is still on
course, despite the assassination of Benazir Bhutto last month.
Speaking in Brussels, Musharraf referred to what he called the west's "obsession" with democracy and appealed for Pakistan to be given more time to improve its record on human rights and civil liberties.
Musharraf had been under pressure from Europe to lift the ban on Geo News, one of the restrictions left after a six-week state of emergency ended last month.
But the news channel, which had intensively covered his stand-off with the Pakistani judiciary last year, had to agree to a code of conduct, limiting criticism of the head of state, before going back on air.
Geo had also been forced to drop shows by journalists unpopular with the regime, claimed Reporters Without Borders: This constitutes yet further evidence that censorship is unfortunately still the rule just a few weeks before the elections
scheduled for February 18 .
The Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) will introduce changes to the regulation of restricted content available online
and via mobile next week, despite an overwhelming negative response from the media and industry.
ACMA is intending to impose a set of guidelines to restrict access to MA15+ and R18+ content accessed through the Internet and mobile premium services under the Restricted Access Systems Declaration, putting the onus on content providers to ensure
that users accessing MA15+ and R18+ content can prove they are at least 15 or 18 years of age respectively.
The regulations will now require users to view front-end warning screens and check age verification declarations on Australian sites hosting restricted content.
ACMA had requested comment from industry and individuals on the proposed changes in November, and received 26 submissions in reply from a wide range of respondents including the NSW Council for Civil Liberties (NSW CCL) and the Internet Industry
There was certainly a fair degree of criticism from industry given the political context in which the changes arose, said Peter Coroneos, IIA CEO.
One of the strongest reactions garnered against the legislation came from Australian Consolidated Press (ACP), one of Australia's largest magazine publishers and home to men's lifestyle publications such as Zoo, FHM and Ralph, which all host MA15+
content on their associated Web sites.
We are very concerned by the proposed extension of R18+ access restrictions to MA15+ content, said Ben Heuston, ACP's digital director, in a statement submitted to ACMA late last year.
The proposed regulations appear impractical and discriminatory...there seems no practical way of restricting this type of content to 15-17 year olds, we are not aware of an effective system working anywhere else in the world, he said.
The IIA CEO said that early drafts of the Restricted Access Systems Declaration were unworkable for content providers and imposed unnecessary restraints on their users.
Despite the considerable negative response to ACMA's requests for comment on the legislation, Coroneos said that the communications regulator was very cooperative in its dealings with industry.
According to Coroneos, ACMA would not have approved the legislation if discussions with industry had broken down.
Over ten thousand people gathered in Istanbul to remember Hrant Dink, who was murdered a year ago. The international press also marked
the day, and there were commemorations around the world.
The murder of Turkish-Armenian journalist Hrant Dink in Istanbul a year ago has not been forgotten in Turkey. Indeed, as the trial of the young murder suspects is going on, new evidence pointing to a much more coordinated organisation of the
murder emerges nearly weekly.
Thus, the crowd of over ten thousand who gathered in front of the office of Dink’s Agos newspaper in Istanbul on Saturday, at the time and on the spot of his murder a year ago, was not only mourning an outspoken proponent of dialogue between
Turkey and Armenia, but also protesting against the lack of investigation of the real forces behind the murder. There were other gatherings and protests in other major cities in Turkey, too. The slogan was For Hrant, for Justice.
The British Times newspaper published an open letter to the editor, in which the Article 19, English PEN and Index on Censorship organisations call on Turkey to reform its Penal Code. The letter predicts that the planned amendments of the
controversial Article 301, under which Hrant Dink himself was tried and sentenced, would “prove inadequate.”
In Berlin, a vigil was held in front of the Turkish consulate, while the Monument of Innocents in London was the site of another commemorative event. There was another gathering in Cologne, and a photo exhibition of Hrant Dink’s life in Berlin.
These are just a few examples of the many events organised in memory of Hrant Dink; there were more in Germany and Britain, as well as Belgium, the Netherlands and France.
Rockstar’s Bully was the video game pariah of 2006. The title was criticized by those who - wrongly - assumed that it cast the player in the aggressor’s role.
With new versions of Bully scheduled to appear next month, the controversy seems to be starting up again. Bully: Scholarship Edition has a March 3rd ship date for the Xbox 360 and Wii.
An article in today’s Telegraph sounds the alarm: A violent new video game which is set in a school and encourages players to act out assaults on pupils and teachers has been condemned by anti-bullying campaigners and teaching unions. The game,
called Bully , features a shaven-headed pupil who torments fellow students and teachers at his school.
Niall Cowley of BeatBullying told the newspaper: We’re disappointed this game was created in the first place. Some mindless people thought this was a fun, interesting piece of software to create, but it undermines all the hard work that
organisations like ours are seeking to do.
Although Bully was released in the UK under the title Canis Canem Edit (Dog Eat Dog), the new versions will revert to the Bully name. Retailers PC World and Currys have already announced that they will not carry the game.
Nutter Labour MP Keith Vaz chimed in: The idea that people should be glorifying bullying is just tasteless. It is hardly encouraging good social values for our children. Just the name Bully is going to attract young people to buy it.
A Rockstar spokesman defended the game: It is not a game about playing a bully. It is about the trials and tribulations of a boy in his first year at school. He protects children against other characters. People have to be able to make their
own decisions and to judge for themselves, with an open mind.
A Turkish court has again blocked access to the popular video-sharing Web site YouTube because of clips allegedly insulting the
country's founding father.
It was the second time Turkey banned the site because of clips deemed disrespectful to Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. It is illegal in Turkey to insult the revered figure, whose portrait still hangs in nearly all government offices nearly 70 years after
Users trying to access the Web site from Turkey were met with notices in English and Turkish saying it was banned under an Ankara court order issued Jan. 17.
It was not clear how long the current ban would last.
According to the South South Zonal Coordinator of National Film and Video Censors Board (NFVC), Ceaser Kagho, who spoke with The Tide,
2007 has been an encouraging year for the movie industry in Nigeria.
He said the movie industry has come a long way and stressed that in 2007 movie production was inconsistent compared to the previous years, the quality of movies, have improved in terms of cinematography, costume, acting etc, but there are still
rooms for improvement in the areas of technicalities such as light recording, lighting, graphics, wrong grammar and spellings etc, he said.
The Coordinator stated that it is based on these flaws that the censors board insists on censorship of all movies and musicals in order to correct these mistakes before they are released to the public.
Every major Israeli news site allows users to submit comments for every single one of its stories. These discussions are planned
to fall under future censorship, according to the Talkback Law, proposed by Knesset member Israel Hasson. The proposal passed initial voting in the Knesset on January 16th.
According to the proposal, a popular site, defined as one with an average of 50,000 hits or more per day, will be considered a “newspaper” and thus liable for the damage or harm caused to a person as a result from its user generated content (i.e.
Hasson’s reasoning for the importance of such a law: It is unreasonable that a response, possibly anonymous, sent to a newspaper, will be held under the editor’s responsibility, but a response submitted to the online portal of that same
newspaper will be under nobody’s authority… We must not turn the network into a vandalizing, evil tool.
Israel Hasson’s proposal, which imposes criminal responsibility on commentators, editors and operators of large websites, passed the preliminary vote today. 29 Knesset members supported and only two opposed this evil law proposal. Evil - not
because those who slander will tremble before writing now, but because of the lack of reference to the thin texture of freedom of speech.
It is hard to claim that Shelly Yachimovich, who opposed the proposal along with Gideon Sa’ar said: True, it is not pleasant to have slanderous talkbacks pointed at you, even I feel unpleasant sometimes, but not enough for me to lower the gavel
as a legislator. I suggest to remove this proposal from the daily agenda. It harms freedom of speech and will not be effective. The immense advantages of the web outweighs its disadvantages by far.
The government of Brazil has imposed a ban on a pair of well-known PC games.
Judge Carlos Alberto Simoes wrote that first-person shooter Counter-Strike and the role playing game Everquest , both released in 1999, needed to be banned because they: [Encouraged] the subversion of public order, were an attack
against the democratic state and the law and against public security.
An explanation of the ban on Counter-Strike
nay be something to do with a local modified version that permitted players to take on the perspective of either a police officer or a narcotrafficker in Rio de Janeiro’s infamously crime-ridden slums.
Australian nutters have condemned a play shortly to open in Sydney depicting Jesus as a gay man who is seduced by Judas. The
play also features Jesus conducting a gay marriage between two apostles.
The play, named Corpus Christi , is due to open next month as part of the city's annual Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras.
A senior Sydney churchman called the play historical nonsense. It is deliberately, not innocently, offensive and they're obviously having a laugh about it, Robert Forsyth, Anglican bishop of South Sydney, was quoted saying.
The play's director Leigh Rowney, who claims to be a Christian, accepted the play would offend some Christians but said he was keen to provoke debate about Christianity.
Playwright Terrence McNally, who is gay, received death threats when the work was performed in the United States, the Sun-Herald reported.
The recently concluded case between retailer Adultshop.com and the Classification Review Board (CRB) was a benchmark case. Adultshop.com argued that the CRB had erred in classifying one of its films, Viva Erotica , by giving it an X18+
classification (sexually explicit nonviolent erotica).
Under Australia's national classification code a film can only be given an X18+ classification if it is likely to cause offence to a reasonable adult. Adultshop.com argued that the times had been changing since the code was written in the early
'80s and backed its case by producing a reliable ACNielsen community survey (conducted in September 2006) that showed that 70% of Australians were not offended by films containing explicit sex and that 76% actually thought that X18+ films should
be legally available to adults throughout Australia. At present all states make the sale of this product illegal.
It maintained that this majority of Australians represented the reasonable adult at law and in representing the reasonable adult, the CRB had not only failed to produce any research of its own to refute this claim but had manifestly failed to
apply community standards to its decision, which it is required to do under the federal Classification Act 1995. Indeed, the CRB was forced to admit that the Office of Film and Literature Classification had not conducted any relevant research at
all into community attitudes about X18+ films.
In rejecting the evidence of three independent experts that Adultshop.com had called to support its view that Viva Erotica was not offensive to the reasonable adult, the CRB said that it would not accept any expert witness testimony if it
contradicted the classification guidelines. No matter how learned they be or how many are involved in a survey, we will not delegate our responsibility to make a decision on community standards to others.
The CRB was also critical of the ACNielsen community survey because it said the respondents were not shown the film about which they were being questioned. For a start the film would probably be illegal to show to those respondents in the states,
and at 98 minutes would clearly have made a standard poll impossible.
The poor intellectual grasp of the issues by the CRB did not stop there. It also criticised the surveys put forward by Adultshop.com, saying there was no evidence that those being surveyed had ever watched a sexually explicit film and that this
could cloud their judgment.
Unbelievably, Federal Court judge Peter Jacobson agreed with the CRB and said that a large majority community opinion did not necessarily equate to the reasonable adult in the classification code. Well, what does then? The views of seven
handpicked Howard appointees? Hardly. And despite the assertions of the CRB, the classification guidelines for films conveniently exclude a definition of the reasonable adult.
The judge's decision was full of Grundyisms. He seemed obsessed with the demarcation line between R18+ and X18+, repeating that X was only for the real thing. He ought to broaden his viewing habits by going to the local video shop and hiring a
copy of the R-rated movie Nine Songs . He'll see a half-dozen very real sexual acts in that, which should really confuse him.
This court case has, for the first time, shed light on how the offensiveness test is applied to sexually explicit material in Australia. In the past, it has always been assumed that a majority needed to be offended. What the court has confirmed is
in fact the opposite: that a minority will suffice.
This means that any film containing sexually explicit scenes should be classified X18+ because there will always be a minority of reasonable Australians who will be offended by such material.
The parliamentary debate on ‘violent pornography’ is in danger of allowing personal tastes to overshadow compelling, factual arguments, writes Julian Petley
In June 2007, the government introduced its 54th Criminal Justice Bill. This puts 19 new offences onto the statute book, and the probation officers union estimates that these could add 3000 more people to the prison population (already at a record
81000). Amongst these could well be people guilty of possessing, albeit unwittingly, the ‘wrong’ kind of pornography.
An artist who planned to open an exhibition with an automatic assault rife as its centrepiece has been arrested.
Andy Link was arrested on suspicion of possessing a firearm at the AA Gallery in London's Vyner Street. Police officers took away the Kalashnikov rifle, which was to be the focus of his Interaction exhibition.
Link, who goes by the name Ak47, spent the night in Bethnal Green Police Station. He was released on bail the next morning.
Link was due to open his latest show featuring a Kalashnikov rifle on top of an American flag and a small coffin. The idea was for visitors to handle and pose with the decommissioned weapon, which was placed in front of a large mirror.
Defending his exhibition, he called the automatic rifle the "style icon" of his generation.
But campaigners oppose gun crime in the community reacted with horror.
Darrell James is a former gang member who now works for the charity, Be Safe in Hackney: We are out there trying to stop kids getting into violence and you get somebody who wants to make a statement setting back our work by 25 paces. It's
An AK47 is a weapon that can shoot through a wall, it can shoot through a tree. How can a grown man actually sanction people to handle a weapon of mass destruction? What kind of image is that? That's not art.
It's people getting fame out of death. It may be decommissioned but it still has blood on it and everyone who picks it up has blood on their hands.
Minsk City Court in Belarus have imprisoned Aleksandr Sdvizhkov, an editor at the now-shuttered independent weekly Zgoda
( Consensus ) newspaper, for reprinting controversial Danish cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad in 2006. Sdvizhkov was charged with “incitement of religious hatred” and sentenced to three years in a high-security prison.
Sdvizhkov was arrested on November 18 and his trial began on January 11 in Minsk, according to local news reports. He was tried behind closed doors.
Aleksei Korol, Zgoda ’s former editor-in-chief, told CPJ he was shocked by the sentence given to his former colleague. The court ruling is disproportionate to his actions, said Korol, adding that Zgoda ’s staff apologized to
the Belarusian Muslim community at the time.
Belarusian Islamic leader Ismail Voronovich said he wanted authorities to reprimand the journalist, not jail him. I thought that this case was closed and the newspaper was back working.
Sdvizhkov reprinted the controversial cartoons in Zgoda in February 2006, prompting authorities to begin an investigation into possible “incitement of religious hatred”; a month later, the paper was shuttered. Sdvizhkov fled Belarus to
avoid imprisonment and returned last November to attend his father’s funeral. While in the country, the Belarusian Security Service arrested him.
Thailand's banning of a rare "warts and all" biography of revered King Bhumibol Adulyadej only stokes interest in the book and risks an eventual explosion of pent-up political tension, an academic said.
Banning books is usually something we associate with fascist and repressive regimes, Australian anthropologist Annette Hamilton told a seminar on The King Never Smiles at an international Thai studies conference in Bangkok.
The book, by U.S. journalist Paul Handley, portrays King Bhumibol as an austere and deeply political monarch whose overarching desire for stability and unity during 61 years on the throne has stifled Thailand's democratic development.
Many of the southeast Asian nation's 63 million people regard the king as semi-divine and credit him with steering Thailand through huge political and social turbulence, including more than a dozen military coups.
However, critics say this perception is propped up by draconian lese majeste laws, which make any insult or threat to the monarchy punishable by up to 15 years in jail.
Even though the King himself made it clear in 2005 that he should not be above criticism, the government banned the book in January 2006 under its 1941 Printing Act, arguing it could disrupt public order and the good morals of society.
This was clearly not the real reason, Hamilton said: The main issue is that it challenges the agreement to silence, or the agreement not to disagree, which is a main strategy in Thailand for maintaining harmony.
The book also contains lots of rumor and gossip about the royal family, in particular heir apparent Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn, who does not enjoy the almost unquestioning respect accorded to his 80-year-old father.
Australian scholar Craig Reynolds said much of the underground hype about the book might be overblown as studies in Thai have already pointed to Bhumibol's overtly political reign, backing various democratic and military regimes.
Instead, he said, much of the offence seemed to stem from outrage at an outsider, in particular a journalist, trying to lift the lid on the central pillar of Thai society: Who is he to comment on the sacred institution which has held the
country together during crisis after crisis?
With increasing demand from social activists and 'moral police' to regulate television content, the Censor Board says that TV should be
regulated as much as films.
Reach of TV is more dangerous. It is a fact that the small screen has a wider reach. 75 per cent of the viewers are women and children. So the impact of TV is more than the films, Chairperson of Central Board for Film Certification (CBFC),
Ruing that the TV is not under the jurisdiction of the Censor Board, Tagore adds, More vigilance is needed for TV shows, as so far they have been self-regulating.
Talking about the promiscuous depiction of the fair sex in films and the small screen, Tagore says it is an issue of commerce versus ethics.
A Hong Kong pirate radio station organized by pro-democracy activists critical of Beijing defied a court injunction and broadcast
from a busy shopping area, while a legal battle over the territory's broadcasting laws escalated.
Citizens' Radio broadcast live for about an hour from the Mongkok shopping, airing a panel discussion about a planned march to campaign for democratic reform in Hong Kong, Tsang Kin-shing, one of the founders of the station, said.
Tsang said police officers gave a copy of a court injunction banning the broadcast to guests of the show but did not arrest anyone.
Citizens' Radio is at the center of a drawn-out legal battle over Hong Kong's radio licensing laws, which critics say are too arbitrary and may be used to suppress criticism of the Hong Kong and Chinese governments.
The station, which airs phone-ins and discussions about current events and politics, including the highly sensitive issue of the former British colony's transition to full democracy, had been operating without a license for two years.
Tsang said Citizens' Radio had applied for a radio license but was rejected, and the government did not give reasons why.
Everything is subject to government discretion. The government can grant or deny you a license as long as it wishes. It is not in accordance with the rule of law, Mak Yin-ting, general secretary of the Hong Kong Journalists Association,
The government prosecuted Citizens' Radio for broadcasting illegally, but this week a Hong Kong judge dismissed the charges, saying the territory's licensing regulations violated local laws on freedom of expression.
The judge later suspended his ruling after the government said it planned to appeal. The government also separately obtained a court injunction that banned Citizens' Radio from operating in the meantime.
Ministers have adopted a new language for declarations on Islamic terrorism. In future, fanatics will be referred to as pursuing
Home Secretary Jacqui Smith said that extremists were behaving contrary to their faith, rather than acting in the name of Islam.
Security officials believe that directly linking terrorism to Islam is inflammatory, and risks alienating mainstream Muslim opinion.
In her first major speech on radicalisation, Smith repeatedly used the phrase "anti-Islamic". In one passage she said: As so many Muslims in the UK and across the world have pointed out, there is nothing Islamic about the wish to
terrorise, nothing Islamic about plotting murder, pain and grief. Indeed, if anything, these actions are anti-Islamic'.
The strategy emerging across Government is to portray terrorists as nothing more than cold-blooded murderers who are not fighting for any religious cause. Al Qaeda inspired terrorism is instead being described by key figures as "more like a
Last night the Home Office stressed that no phrases have been "banned". But senior Whitehall sources have made it clear that the "war on terror" and "Islamic extremism" will not be used again by people at the top of
Government or those involved in counterterrorism strategy.
In her speech, Smith said extremists who use the internet to radicalise young children would be pursued in the same way as paedophiles.
The Home Secretary described the internet as a key tool for the propagandists for violent extremism. Let me be clear: the internet is not a no-go area for government.
In the next few weeks, I will be talking to industry and, critically, those in the community about how best to do this - and how best to identify material that is drawing vulnerable young people into violent extremism. Where there is illegal
material on the net, I want it removed.
Illegal material will be tracked down and removed using tactics already deployed against online paedophiles. Those guilty of grooming youngsters for terrorism could face prosecution under incitement laws.
Smith said: If we are ready and willing to take action to stop the grooming of vulnerable young people on social networking sites, then I believe we should also take action against those who groom vulnerable people for the purposes of violent
Her plans also include a new unit to sift through intelligence gathered by police and security agents. The unit will be told to identify, analyse and assess not just the inner circle of extremist groups, but those at risk of falling under their
There will also be measures to restrict extremist material in libraries and galleries.
Meanwhile, internet service providers said that it was not their job to police the internet for offensive comment. They said they worked with charities such as the Internet Watch Foundation which monitored the web for such content and blocked
access to sites hosting illegal content where possible, but that censorship was a job for the authorities.
If we spent time searching the web's millions of pages for extremist content then we'd do nothing else, Jody Haskayne, a spokesperson for Tiscali, said. It's not an ISP's job to censor the internet.
Nutter MP Keith Vaz, a frequent critic of violent video games, quizzed Prime Minister Gordon Brown on the issue during Prime
Minister's Question Time. He was pushing for Brown's support for his censorial mate, Julian Brazier
MP Keith Vaz:
On Monday, the Prime Minister said that he was very worried about the content of video and computer games. Some of those games, such as Manhunt 2, depict scenes of torture and murder using hammers, knives and guns. They seem
to make a virtue of gratuitous and graphic violence.
Will he meet a delegation of Members, including the hon. Member for Canterbury (Mr. Brazier), who has a private Member’s Bill on the subject, to see what further steps the industry can take to show better responsibility? Does my right hon. Friend,
as a parent, agree that—
Prime Minister Gordon Brown:
My right hon. Friend is right, and this is an issue that concerns all parties in the House and every parent. It is right that we look again at the classification system for those games and at what is happening on the Internet
in influencing young children.
That is why the Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families has set up the Byron review, in which Dr. Tanya Byron is looking at these very issues. We want children to be able to enjoy the benefits of the internet and video games, without
being influenced by the pornography or violence of them.
Dr. Byron will report in March 2008 and while it would be premature for me to say what she is likely to recommend, the classification system is one of the things that she is looking at. I hope that when we get the report we can have a debate in
this House. I would be happy to meet my right hon. Friend’s delegation and move forward whatever changes in the law are necessary.
The media watchdog Reporters without Borders (RsF) has called on Kabul to save an Afghan journalist whom religious leaders want
executed and release a man under arrest for publishing a Koran in translation.
RsF said the Council of Mullahs had called for death for Sayed Perwiz Kambakhsh, a journalism student at Balkh University in northern Afghanistan, for writing articles about the role of women in Islam that they said insulted the Muslim faith.
The calls for the death penalty for Kambakhsh highlight the growing influence of fundamentalist groups on intellectual debate, it said in a statement.
RsF also appealed for the release of Ghaus Zalmai, who was arrested in November for publishing the Koran in the local language Dari (Afghan Persian) which, according to the religious leaders, misinterpreted verses about adultery and begging.
The translation into Dari sparked an emergency debate in parliament and protests in at least two parts of the country. Muslims consider the Koran in Arabic as the literal word of God.
Parliamentarians have even accused him of being 'worse than Salman Rushdie', RsF added.
Culture and Tourism Minister Jero Wacik came to the defense of the film censorship board at a judicial review of the country's
16-year old film law at the Constitutional Court.
In the interest of the general public, at present, the Film Censorship Agency (LSF) is still needed, Jero Wacik told the court: We need to protect the public at large from the adverse effects of films, billboards and the like.
The minister spoke after being called to the defense of the 1992 law. The judicial review hearing was demanded by young filmmakers and actors. The film makers and actors said the law was contrary to the 1945 Constitution's article 28 on human
Film directors Muhammad Rivai Riza and Tino Saroengallo, producer Nur Kurniati Aisyah Dewi, singer/actress Annisa Nurul Kusuma Wardhani and film festival organizer Lalu Rois Amriradhiani attended the court hearing.
They argued articles 1, 33 and 34 of the 1992 Film Law had stifled their creativity as artists and had caused them distress.
Member of the House of Representative's Law Commission, Lukman Hakim Saefuddin said the exercise of human rights brought with it obligations: As practiced in Indonesia, human rights are not a totally absolute concept. Certain rights of
some people will need to be checked in order to guarantee the rights of others, and this is where the film law and the censorship board comes in. We seek to protect the general public from any negative excess stemming from unmonitored creativity
and expression. This measure also ensures that our film industry is heading towards the right direction.
All nine justices were present at the hearing, which was adjourned until further notice.
The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) considered the cases of journalists from the Evrensel and Gnlk Evrensel
newspapers on 8th January.
The court decreed that the punishment of Evrensel for writing about missing persons and the banning of the sale of the Gnlk Evrensel newspaper in the region under emergency law had represented a violation of the freedom of
It has thus sentenced Turkey to paying Fevzi Saygili, Nizamettin Taylan Bilgic and Serpil Kurtay of the Evrensel newspaper 4,000 Euros compensation. Saygili, as owner of the Gnlk Evrensel newspaper is to be awarded an additional
2,500 Euros in compensation.
The court decreed that Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights was violated when the Gnlk Evrensel newspaper was not allowed to be sold in the emergency law region in south-east Anatolia, declared on 23 July 2001.
In addition, the ECHR decreed that the ban did not allow for an appeal to the judiciary, which represented a violation of Article 13 of the Convention. The court did not accept the claim of "discrimination", which the plaintiffs had put
forward, citing Article 14 of the Convention.
The ECHR objected against the fines which Turkey sentenced the Evrensel newspaper to paying after it had written about the missing persons. This according to the court, represented a violation of the freedom of expression.
Scientologists are attempting to block the spread of a video clip in which Tom Cruise zealously espouses his faith in the church.
If you're on board, you're on board, just like the rest of us, he tells those of wavering faith. We are the authorities on getting people off drugs, we can rehabilitate criminals and unite cultures.
Cruise's emotional testimonial is accompanied by a guitar riff playing the theme from Mission: Impossible . Cruise, a Scientologist for 20 years, has recently emerged as one of the controversial church's most outspoken proselytisers. Some
suggest that the actor has been elevated to one of the highest echelons of the secretive church, cryptically known as OT-VII.
Apparently meant for Scientologists' eyes only, the video is a nine-minute testimonial in which Cruise, wearing a black polo neck, encourages Scientologists to practise their faith relentlessly.
Infamously litigious, the Church of Scientology has been busy firing off lawsuits alleging breach of copyright wherever the video pops up, notably on YouTube and Google Video. Unfazed by potential legal issues, a number of gossip websites are busy
re-posting the controversial video as soon as it disappears.
On Gawker.com, Nick Denton wrote: It's newsworthy, and we will not be removing it.
So far, the church is having little success in keeping the video off the internet, and as soon as it is taken down it pops up somewhere else. Not unlike the movie and music industries, the Church of Scientology is constantly battling with websites
to prevent unauthorised distribution of its intellectual property.
A German children's book can be published in the United States
after a publisher there dropped its demand for the genitals on a picture of a statue in it be air-brushed out, it was revealed Thursday. The German illustrator of the book had angrily complained of censorship and withdrew it from the US market
last summer after being told that shoppers might object to the nudity.
Rotraut Susanne Berner of Munich draws group scenes crowded with people, animals and objects. Her books encourage pre-schoolers to discuss with parents what they see in the pictures.
The offending male organ is a tiny squiggle in the picture: the male statue itself is only 7.5 millimetres high on the page.
Her German publisher Gerstenberg Verlag said the US client, Boyds Mills Press of Honesdale, Pennsylvania, had relented about the changes after the outcry it caused in Germany.
Bollox study to support game restrictions in Saudi
Based on an article from Asharq Alawsat see full article
A recent study conducted in Saudi Arabia has highlighted the 'dangerous' influence of video games on the Kingdom's
The study that was carried out by a group of educationists in conjunction with specialised departments concerned with the negative effects of video games focused on a selected group of youngsters in a juvenile detention centre in the Saudi capital
of Riyadh. The study revealed that 90% of the [already delinquent] juveniles were affected negatively by video games and sought to imitate these games in reality.
The results of the study 'affirmed' that society is facing a critical issue as the danger lies in the fact that video games are interactive. The research highlighted that youngsters often fail to distinguish between virtual reality and real life
as soon as the youth is exposed to the on-screen violence of these games and the evil scenarios in which the player is placed in these games for long hours combating security forces, destroying state property or violating people in various ways.
The study added that voluntary organisations, groups and anti-lobbies in the United States, the European Union and the Asian industrial nations have set out to counter video-game violence and age restrictions have been set in place in countries
such as the United States, Canada, Australia, Brazil and the EU. However Arab countries have failed to implement any restrictions regarding accessibility for youngsters to such software.
The study also indicated that the nature of the problem lies in the software that is available on the local market that fails to develop youngsters’ mental abilities and skills. Furthermore, they do not encourage youths to adopt strong values and
noble customs and only time is wasted on such games. They also strip children of their innocence and depend on the concept of ‘survival of the fittest’ by rebelling against society as a whole through theft, kidnapping, murder and the like in order
to score more points.
The study looked at the way in which these games encourage rebellious behaviour for example by teaching the young how to evade state security forces and to confront them violently, and how to kill, kidnap and execute violent assassinations against
leaders, scientists and state officials in general. Furthermore, these games feature the destruction of state-owned property using highly explosive bombs or even destroying a whole city with a nuclear bomb. Through such violence and destruction,
the player gains more points.
Pakistan's film censor board chief Azfar Shafqat, against whom complaints have been filed for clearing "objectionable"
movies made with Indian collaboration, is likely to be removed.
The Establishment Division has moved a "summary" for terminating the services of Federal Film Censor Board chairman Shafqat. The step was taken on the direction of Culture Minister Sikander Hayat Jogezai.
Jogezai is also said to have given verbal orders that vacancies in the censor board should not be filled without his orders, the media reported.
Culture ministry officials said there were complaints against Shafqat from the public and members of the film fraternity for allegedly clearing certain films that are against the national spirit of the country.
The films listed as "objectionable" include Gangster and Goal , both made with Indian collaboration, and Khuda Key Liye , a Pakistani film that was a huge hit and was hailed for furthering President Pervez
Musharraf's concept of "enlightened moderation".
Sources also said that there were fatwas against Shafqat.
Well-known Thai social critic Sulak Sivaraksa, author of the banned book Almost a Century
of Thorn-filled Thai Democracy , will lodge a court case against the Special Branch Police Commander and the Interior Minister at the Central Administrative Court on Jan 16.
Sulak wants the court to lift the Special Branch Commander's order prohibiting sales and distribution, and confiscating copies of his book that was published in April 2007.
On Oct 1, 2007, Pol Maj Gen Sombat Suphajiva acting as printing authority issued Order 5/2007 banning Sulak's book that criticizes Thailand's democracy, alleging that the material may cause unrest and degrade good morals in Thai society.
Copies of the book have been confiscated by the police since.
Sulak appealed to Interior Minister Gen Surayud Chulanont on Oct 8, 2007, and never received a response. So he decided to ask the Administrative Court to lift the ban order and have the defendants pay him damages of 1,094,000 baht with an annual
interest rate of 7.5% starting from the date of prosecution.
Sulak said that the Special Branch Police had illegitimately and unlawfully issued the order to ban and confiscate his book without presenting any reasons and facts to prove what part in the book ‘may cause unrest and degrade public good morals',
and had failed to grant him a chance to defend his book.
A television advert for a computer game promoted 'violent revenge' and was unsuitable to be shown before the watershed, a watchdog has ruled.
The Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) said the ad for Stranglehold , which came out on Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3 last year, encouraged and condoned violence.
It has ruled that the advert should not be shown again after deciding time constraints would not address concerns.
The advert for the John Woo-directed game shows a "prolonged shootout" between four men.
Accompanying the action is a disclaimer explaining the images are not actual game footage and the voiceover: Honour is his code. Vengeance is his mission. Violence is his only option. John Woo presents Stranglehold . The next generation
of action gaming has arrived.
A few viewers complained that the game, which features a motion capture version of martial arts star Chow Yun Fat, glorified violence and gun crime and could be a dangerous incitement to susceptible people.
The ASA explained in its ruling the advert was suggesting it was honourable to seek revenge and that violence was an acceptable solution to a situation. Because the issues raised by the ad could not be addressed with a timing restriction, we
considered the only solution was to withdraw the ad from transmission completely.
Following yesterday's press reports, in which Prime Minister Gordon Brown was quoted talking about
knife crime and associating it with videogames, the government has moved to dispel concerns that any new crackdown is imminent.
A Department for Business Enterprise and Regulatory Reform (BERR) spokesperson has told GamesIndustry.biz that the report didn't highlight any change in policy, nor did it add anything to the debate.
The Prime Minister has previously expressed concern about the content of computer games, and their effect on young people, which is why he commissioned the Byron Report. We're aware that the games industry is working with the Byron Report to
address those concerns."
Paul Jackson, director general of publisher association ELSPA, added: We have been further reassured that there will be no changes to government policy in this area until Dr Byron publishes her findings at the end of March."
An article in the Vatican’s official newspaper has condemned JK Rowling’s Harry Potter books for
posing a danger to children by promoting witchcraft and the occult.
In a damning indictment of the bestselling books, among the most successful in publishing history, the Vatican’s official newspaper L’Osservatore Romano , has called the teenage boy wizard the wrong kind of hero.
Under the headline 'The double face of Harry Potter’, the lengthy article concludes: Despite the values that we come across in the narration, at the base of this story, witchcraft is proposed as a positive ideal.
The ends justify the means because the knowledgeable, the chosen ones, the intellectuals know how to control the dark powers and turn them into good.
This a grave and deep lie, because it is the old Gnostic temptation of confusing salvation and truth with a secret knowledge.
The characterisation of common men who do not know magic as 'muggles’ who know nothing other than bad and wicked things is a truly diabolical attitude.
Gordon Brown last night moved to tackle growing public fears over knife crime by ordering police to
prosecute, rather than caution, anyone caught carrying knives. Backing zero-tolerance policing in a dozen knife-crime "hot spots" across the country, the prime minister said more knife carriers should be prosecuted in an effort to
rebuild public confidence and reclaim the streets from violent gangs.
The home secretary, Jacqui Smith, will unveil the government's Violent Crime Action Plan next month, a major policy initiative to curb violent crime, which is expected to include recommendations to increase the number of searches conducted by
police and an increased reliance on evidence from CCTV cameras.
Extending the scope of his attack on knife culture, Brown said that the makers and sellers of violent video and computer games must shoulder some responsibility: No one wants censorship or an interfering state... BUT ... the industry has
a responsibility to society and needs to exercise that.
Leading Australian book retailers have bowed to pressure from the Church of Scientology and will not stock a biography on Tom Cruise by British writer Andrew Morton. Tom Cruise: An Unauthorized Biography , due out in the US on Tuesday, is
seen by the group, which has Cruise as one of its most high-profile and loyal members, as an attack on its teachings.
Morton alleges Scientologists threatened to blackmail Nicole Kidman if she spoke out against the church after her failed 10-year marriage to Cruise. The church has threatened legal action against Morton in the US, describing the book filled
Australian book retailer Dymocks says it will not sell the biograph: We take all accusations of defamation very seriously and, as a result, we wonâ€™t be stocking the book ,a spokeswoman said.
Angus & Robertson spokeswoman Kate Jones said: There are certain legal issues that have occurred overseas and with all of the risks involved we will not be stocking it .
As a consequence Pan Macmillan will not now print an Australian edition of the book Tom Cruise, An Unauthorised Biography in Australia due to legal concerns, a move that has been labelled an act of censorship.
The book won't even be published in the UK. Andrew Morton faces a hefty penalty for claims the actor is second-in-command of the Church of Scientology and comments about the conception of his young daughter, Suri. Cruise is said to vehemently deny
the claims and has enlisted lawyers to sue St Martin's Press, publishers of Tom Cruise: An Unauthorised Biography.
The book will not be published in Australia and the UK, but goes on sale in the US on January 15.
Ofcom has cleared Hell's Kitchen of breaking its broadcasting code after receiving almost 200 complaints about the
ITV1 show in September.
The most recent series of the cooking reality show prompted a flurry of complaints about comedian Jim Davidson using bullying and homophobic comments towards fellow contestant Brian Dowling. Davidson used terms such as "shirt-lifters"
ITV defended broadcasting Davidson's comments, and said it was justified by their context. It said Jim Davidson's language and behaviour were "forcefully challenged" in the programmes and were placed against a backdrop that made it clear
that the contestants, ITV and society in general did not think it acceptable to use terms such as "shirt-lifter" or to make an issue of a person's sexuality. The broadcaster also pointed to the fact that Davidson was asked to leave the
show after it was decided that his comments had overstepped the mark.
Ofcom said ITV had restricted Davidson's comments and that they were "importantly" challenged by other contestants. The watchdog said there was a "consensus view" on the programme that Davidson's behaviour towards Dowling was
not acceptable. Ofcom ruled that ITV took appropriate care to ensure adequate context for Jim Davidson's views and that its broadcasting code had not been breached.
A fan of television drama CSI killed and beheaded his half-brother and attempted to cover his tracks using tricks from the show, a court has heard.
Andrew Scanlan was found murdered in woodland at Sandy Hill, Hampshire, after disappearing from his home.
Cambridge Crown Court heard he had probably been strangled before having his head and hands cut off and his remains left in shallow graves among the trees.
Factory worker James Baigent was said to be "very keen" on the US crime series. He and his brother Mark and their friend Jeff Woods all deny murdering Scanlan. James Baigent's wife Charlotte Baigent denies assisting an offender and
perverting the course of justice.
The court was told that the couple had used knowledge of forensic science gleaned from CSI to try and throw detectives off the scent.
Internet Service Providers (ISPs), IT managers and the Electronic Frontiers Australia (EFA) have slammed the federal government's
national content filtering scheme and dubbed it a technically impossible token gesture.
The opt-out plan, announced this month by Communications Minister Stephen Conroy, requires all ISPs to filter "objectionable material" from Internet traffic according to a blacklist defined by the Australian Communications and Media
Industry professionals joined the EFA and rebutted the scheme, claiming it is technically impossible and economically infeasible to implement, police and maintain ISP-level content filtering.
Meanwhile Child Wise CEO Bernadette McMenamin has clarified her position on the Federal government's plan to implement mandatory Internet filtering at the ISP level, stating that all she wants blocked are child pornography Web sites, and nothing
Child Wise is an Australian charity dedicated to the protection of children.
McMenamin said she categorically disagrees with any type of filtering that does not involve child porn or child abuse related sites: I do not support filtering pornography in general or other contentious sites. Only child pornography, as I
don't believe filtering should be used to censor .
The plans to introduce ISP level filtering to protect Australian children by the Minister for Broadband, Senator Stephen Conroy, and Family First Senator Steve Fielding, have resulted in mass outpourings of protest, such as the NetAlarmed web
site, for its vague definitions of what should be filtered.
McMenamin does not want to be lumped in the same boat as Conroy and Fielding, and believes their agenda of protecting Australian children online has been confused with her goal of removing child pornography from the Internet.
This is where people are confusing issues on the subject of ISP filtering as opposed to keeping children safe online. ISP filtering is about removing/blocking child porn...No one should have access to this, it simply shouldn't be there.
I think the Federal government must refine their position and focus only on child pornography because I think they are confusing the issue at the moment by being silent around what exactly they are going to be filtering, and this is creating fear
As they received awards for their films from President Pratibha Patil at the Indian National Films
Awards function over the weekend, three documentary filmmakers also handed across a petition to Patil.
The three filmmakers, Rakesh Sharma, Gaurav Jani and Praveen Kumar were protesting the “growing harassment” of documentary filmmakers by the police and the Central Board for Film Certification.
Sharma, recipient of the Special Jury award for his internationally acclaimed film Final Solution said they were forced to take the unprecedented step as the government had failed to address their concerns.
The censor board had declined to clear the film on Gujarat riots in 2004 on the ground that it may arouse communal feelings. It is ironic that the President of India is recognising the technical and artistic merit of my film Final Solution
by giving it an award while the government’s own censor Board saw it fit to ‘ban’ the film, Sharma said, urging Patil to turn her attention to antiquated censor laws and order a thorough review.
The European Federation of Journalists (EFJ) has accused the Slovenian government of interfering in press
freedom at home.
The EFJ in a statement said that political meddling with media in Slovenia casts a shadow over the country's current Presidency of the European Union.
The Government cannot spin its way out of the hard truth that government and politicians have been exercising undue influence on the way Slovenian media work, said Aidan White, of the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ).
The Slovenian media crisis developed with the launch of a petition against censorship and political pressures on journalism which was signed by 571 journalists. The protest follows government attempts to replace leading editors in order to stifle
There is also widespread concern over legislative and management changes that have placed pro-government people in charge of the country's public broadcasting system.
The EFJ said the governments response has been intemperate and unacceptable.
Livingstone blames media for 27 teenage murders in London
From The London Paper see full article
Ken Livingstone has clashed angrily with Boris Johnson over London's epidemic of teenage murders
during a current affairs TV show.
Livingstone's Tory opponent urged him to explain the spate of gang-related teenage murders over the last year - 27 of them.
London's current Mayor blamed the recent murders of young people on the horrendous levels of glamorised violence in cinemas and on TV.
He continued: This is the generation whose parents grew up in the 80s - get your snout in the trough and it doesn't matter a damn about anyone else.
Comment: No Solutions
Thanks to Dan
Ken has previously blamed rap music for violent crime amongst youngsters. It's obvious he has no solutions to the spate of violent crime amongst teenagers and would rather sit on his arse and point the finger at scapegoats like
films, TV shows and rap music.
He's hardly doing his election prospects any good!
A lesbian sex scene in an Egyptian film has outraged religious scholars, who are telling people not to watch the
An Islamic Studies professor at Cairo University wants the Egyptian authorities to prosecute the director and both actresses involved in the scene.
Dr Abdel-Sabour Shahin believes the film, Hina Maysara (Until Further Notice), promotes homosexuality and debauchery and destroys morality in society.
Muslim teachers at Al-Azhar University have also slammed the film and support Shahin's indignation. One professor at the University, Elwi Amin, claimed there was no lesbianism in Egypt. He also said that watching scenes of a sexual nature, whether
homosexual or heterosexual, was a sin: Many people in Egypt do not even know what the word 'lesbianism' means. This is the influence of immoral Western culture which controls the media,
Director Khaled Youssef asked people to watch the film before they made up their minds: I will not respond to those who criticise without even watching the movie. Lots of people accuse me of apostasy and immorality based on seeing the film
Although Egyptian law does not explicitly forbid homosexuality, the practice is considered taboo in what is a conservative and mostly Muslim country. The Egyptian government has been known for arresting homosexuals on the grounds of offences
against public morals and sensitivities or violating the teachings of religion and propagating depraved ideas and moral depravity.
The BBC has apologised for editing an interview on its website with Benazir Bhutto after it deleted her astonishing claim
that Osama Bin Laden had been murdered.
In the original interview with David Frost, conducted last November for the al Jazeera channel and later aired on BBC.co.uk under a licensing deal, Bhutto casually stated that Bin Laden had been killed by Omar Sheikh.
But the version shown on BBC.co.uk did not show the Bhutto's claim, prompting accusations on online message boards that it the BBC was censoring public information.
BBC News website editor Steve Herrmann said the comment was edited out because of time pressure and because it appeared so unexpected that it seemed she had simply mis-spoken.
In a post on the BBC.co.uk editors blog, Herrmann apologised for the editing and promised to replace the online footage with a newly edited clip, including Bhutto's allegation.
As a literary journalist in Iran, I have often wondered why the country's greed for literature abruptly ended when President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad took office in 2005.
Now books scarcely figure in a country once recognised by its literature. Today, you are unlikely to see signs of literary life in Iran. Writers face immense challenges in getting their works read. Crackdowns imposed by Ahmadinejad's government
have plunged publishing into crisis.
They [the governmental authorities] have not only made the publishers stop working, but also have put writers in a situation in which they have no inclination to write, says Mahmoud Dowlatabadi, author of the Persian 10-volume bestseller
Kelydar , who refuses to give his next book to a publisher as a protest against the government's clampdown.
After the 1979 Islamic revolution, the government imposed strict rules on book publishing. Since then, the Ministry of Culture has been charged to vet all books before publication, mainly for erotic and religious transgressions. All books,
including fiction, are required to conform to Islamic law.
A new regime of censorship began when Ahmadinejad took office. The cultural ministry imposed rules requiring renewed permits for previously published books. As a result, many books have been deemed unsuitable for publication or reprinting.
Many world classics, contemporary novels and dozens of international bestsellers have been banned, including a Farsi translation of Dostoevsky's masterpiece The Gambler , Tracy Chevalier's bestseller Girl With a Pearl Earring ,
William Faulkner's As I Lay Dying and books by Virginia Woolf, Marguerite Duras, Dan Brown and Woody Allen.
Recently, when the conservative website Tabnak drew attention to the plot of Gabriel Garcia Marquez's Memories of My Melancholy Whores , the Farsi translation of the book was banned, despite having gained permission from
Ahmadinejad's cultural ministry some months earlier.
'The novelist Yaghoub Yadali was recently illegally imprisoned for 40 days by the government for several passages from his novel Mores of Unrest, a book which had ministry permission. He was eventually charged with dissemination of
falsehood and sentenced to three months' imprisonment.
A millionaire city executive killed his two-year-old daughter after supposedly becoming obsessed with the horror film Bug, the Old Bailey has heard.
Alberto Izaga fractured his daughter Yanire's skull when he woke up one morning and started smashing her head on the ground.
During the attack he ranted about God and called for the girl to die.
His wife Ligia tried desperately to stop the attack but Mr Izaga continued in an episode of madness that could not be predicted, the court heard.
It happened on June 3 in 2006, less than a week after the couple returned from a trip to the US where they watched the film Bug . The film centres on a man and his girlfriend who are driven mad by bugs under the skin.
On June 2, he returned to London but complained of exhaustion and said he had not slept for 72 hours. On the following day he woke at 4.30am and began talking about a sect recruiting executives to take over the world, talked about the Bug film and said he had not slept for three days.
Two hours later the child woke up and Mr Izaga began attacking her. Mrs Izaga heard him say: I know what I have to do. I have to kill her.
Judge Richard Hone told the jury it was "an exceptional case" and that it would be asked to find Izaga not guilty of murder through insanity.
Thanks to DarkAngel who asks:
During the attack he ranted about God and called for the girl to die. Now, which part of this story do you think the pro-censorship lot will seize on? The fact he had been watching a horror film? Or his fanatical rantings about god?
Paul Thomas Anderson's new film, There Will Be Blood , is a 70s-style art Western about the birth of the oil industry in California.
It's an R-rating in America and I'd heard that some American cinemagoers thought that rating was too high, so I wasn't surprised when the BBFC gave it a 12A.
Here's the really weird thing: according to the BBFC site the certificate was raised to 15 after the distributors contacted them and put forward arguments for a higher rating!
The BBFC commented:
This work was originally classified 12A without cuts on 12 November 2007. This determination was formally reconsidered by the BBFC at the request of the submitting company. The BBFC carefully considered the arguments put
forward by the submitting company, looked again at the relevant submitted material, and concluded that a revision to the original determination was appropriate.
The Indian Censor Board on Friday justified its decision of denying clearance to Marathi movie Mumbai Aamchi which was
subsequently granted permission for screening by a court order.
We did not certify the film as in our perception, it went against the guidelines of the Board, Board chairperson Sharmila Tagore told reporters.
Tagore said the contents of the movie were found to be in violation of the spirit of secular democracy in the country where every individual was free to go anywhere to earn a living and settle.
It needs to be appreciated that along with the Marathi population, those who came from outside too have contributed to the economic growth and culture of the metropolis. With this view the Censor Board denied certification of the film for
public screening, Tagore said.
Asked about the court order granting clearance to the film, she said the nod came only after the judicial authorities effected necessary cuttings in the footage considered incongruous with the Board guidelines.
Nicolas Sarkozy's ex-wife Cecilia on Friday lost a court bid to block the release of a book in which she is quoted as describing the
French president as a womaniser and uncaring father.
The Paris civil court rejected a request for an injunction order to prevent Cecilia by Anna Bitton, a journalist and former friend of Cecilia Sarkozy, from coming out in bookstores.
The book went on sale Friday along with two others written by journalists, once again putting the spotlight on Sarkozy's personal life at a time when his approval rating has slumped.
It quotes remarks made by a bitter Cecilia in November -- a month after her divorce to Sarkozy was announced -- assailing her ex-husband as a womaniser and stingy, a man who loves no one, not even his children.
At the court hearing on Thursday, Cecilia's lawyers argued that a ban was warranted because the book -- excerpts of which have been published at length in French magazines and newspapers -- seriously violated her right to privacy.
They did not deny she had made the remarks, but stressed that they were made in confidence.
But a judge ruled that a ban, even a temporary one, would be a disproportionate measure, especially since the book was already on sale and that many weekly magazines had published several excerpts of the book in question, without being targeted
After initially saying they planned to appeal the decision, Cecilia's lawyers announced they would file a separate suit for violation of her right to privacy, which could be heard in two or three months.
When journalists at China's national broadcaster CCTV log on, one of the first things that pops up on screen is a notice about what not
These notices are often short and seldom say who has authorised them, but they all contain strict instructions about how to report a story.
Journalists were recently warned off a health scandal, told how to report the death of Benazir Bhutto and had to steer clear of a Hollywood film story.
Censorship has been an everyday feature of news reporting in China for as long as the Chinese Communist Party has been in power.
But this wide range of so-called sensitive stories shows that, in China, any story on any subject at any time can still fall foul of the censor's red pen.
On 19 December, journalists received a notice banning them from carrying reports about the death of a pregnant migrant worker. The news had previously been widely reported in the Chinese media.
The saga began when the woman was rushed to a Beijing hospital with what her husband said was a simple cold. But doctors said she was suffering from pneumonia and needed an emergency caesarean. Her husband, believing the hospital wanted to charge
him for an expensive and unnecessary operation, refused. Three hours later his wife was dead.
The terse notice banning CCTV journalists from reporting this story did not say why it was sensitive, but health is a hot topic for ordinary Chinese people.
Two days later, the CCTV censors were worried about another story - reports that China had banned some Hollywood films from Chinese cinemas. Censors decided this story could not be reported at all.
The third story that caused problems was the death of Pakistan's former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto two days after Christmas. Journalists could not link Ms Bhutto's death to Pakistan's politics. China and Pakistan are close allies, and the
government presumably did not want to cause a friend unnecessary trouble.
These three stories are just the tip of the iceberg, according to David Bandurski, a researcher with the Hong Kong-based China Media Project, which monitors the media in China: There are all kinds of bans and missives against all kinds of
stories for different reasons.
Certain subjects are always out of bounds in China, such as speculation about China's national leaders. Other issues, such as health, education and inflation, are closely monitored because they are potentially controversial.
According to a press release from the office of State Senator Leland Yee, California has filed its planned appeal of a
U.S. District Court ruling which struck down the state’s 2005 video game law last August.
Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger announced in September that his state would appeal Judge Ronald Whyte’s finding that the video game law, authored by Yee, was unconstitutional.
Yee said: California’s violent video game law properly seeks to protect children from the harmful effects of interactive, ultra-violent video games. As stated in the appeal, our efforts to assist parents in the fight to keep these harmful video
games out of the hands of children should survive Constitutional challenge under all levels of judicial review.
Should California win its appeal, the video game law would levy fines of up to $1,000 on retailers who sell what Yee terms “ultra-violent” games to minors.
The case won’t likely be decided before 2009 at the earliest. Meanwhile, the California law is blocked from taking effect by Judge Whyte’s ruling.
Coca-Cola's main Russian bottling distributor has removed religious images from its drinks refrigerators after a group of Russian
Orthodox believers accused it of blasphemy.
Local people in the city of Nizhny Novgorod, 400 km from Moscow, complained to the prosecutor's office last month about pictures of an orthodox cross and onion-shaped church domes on the outdoor refrigerators.
At the time, Coca-Cola Hellenic Bottling Co. said it would not drop the marketing campaign and there had been no negative reaction in other Russian cities where similar images were used on the sides of the refrigerators.
Russia's tolerance towards Western influences has lessened, with the Kremlin's political rhetoric notably hostile to the United States, the birthplace of Coca-Cola.
I would assure people that we used these images to promote Russian culture and not to offend anybody's feelings, a spokeswoman said, confirming the company's decision.
She said it would take some time to remove the offending images from hundreds of outdoor sales refrigerators.
Afghanistan's spiritual guardians have discovered a dangerous new peril: Indian soap operas.
The Islamic Council of Scholars won the backing this week of a powerful government minister in its campaign to get dozens of wildly popular Bombay dramas off Afghanistan's television screens.
The Minister of Information and Culture has written to television executives to threaten prosecution if they show footage that offends morality. He is particularly concerned about Indian soaps.
His announcement came after dozens of clerics met President Karzai a week ago to demand a ban on shows that they claim are spreading immorality and un-Islamic culture . The dramas have won thousands of devotees in Afghanistan who enjoy the
escapist world of the fictional Bombay rich. Anywhere else, the family dramas with wooden acting and creaking sets would be thought tame. They have, however, offended the country's new moral enforcers, who fear that the soaps will fuel a craze of
“stone worship”, or veneration of Hindu idols.
The enforcers are also urging the Government to take action to get a young generation of rappers and pop stars off air. The old men accuse the musicians of polluting the nation's moral standards and they have chastised Afghans who watch television
when they could go to the mosque.
Saad Mohseni, the director of Tolo TV, said: We have so many problems in this country - kidnapping, terrorism, inflation - so why is the Government making a big deal about something which is pleasing to the eyes and ears of most Afghans?
For more than 30 years a cross-dresser with a razor-sharp wit and a merciless tongue has won the affection of millions of
Turks. And his success on television has been vaunted as evidence of the tolerance of Turkey's unique mix of Islam and secularism.
But for the past year Huysuz Virjin (the Petulant Virgin) has been replaced by his less exotic self, Seyfi Dursunoglu, in a show aired on a private television channel. The 76-year-old entertainer claims to have been forced to trade in his
trademark blonde wig, silk stockings and sexy gowns for more conventional male garb after Turkey's broadcasting watchdog, the RTUK, put pressure on television stations to ban cross-dressing.
RTUK denies such censorship. But Dursunoglu insists that he is the victim of a creeping conservatism that he believes has infected the country ever since the mildly Islamist Justice and Development (AK) party came to power five years ago. Although
he was allowed to appear in drag for a special new-year programme, he says that as a performer, I am no longer as free .
Opposition amendments had sought to water down the bill by allowing images made of consenting adults or actors.
Everybody is opposed to violent acts that are real violent acts, but when it is simply for sexual purposes such as bondage, it shouldn't be a criminal offense,' Harry Cohen, a Lib Dem member of Parliament who wants the bill amended, said:
The definition of what will be an offense is far too wide. People won't know what the threshold is.'
Couples who make home videos of themselves engaged in restricted acts may be prosecuted, according to Deborah Hyde, a spokeswoman for Backlash, a lobby group set up to campaign against the legislation. She said the rules would allow courts to jail
people for three years for making violent images.
Paul Jackson, director general of the games classifiers, ELSPA, recently met with Julian Braizer MP to discuss his Private Members
The Bill looks to enable senior appointments to the BBFC, and the classification of films and games, to come under the scrutiny of Parliament.
I was most grateful for the opportunity to meet with Mr. Brazier to explain how the classification system for games currently works and the challenges we face in this area, Jackson said.
Mr Brazier took the opportunity to express his concerns on the impact of violence in films and games on society which led to the introduction of his Bill.
Following on from this we agreed to stay in close contact and give advice and clarification to ensure the views of the industry are taken into account while the Bill is being developed and its merits debated by the House."
The Church of England gave a cautious welcome last night to the government's pledge to consult it before taking a final decision on
repealing the ancient offence of blasphemy.
Downing Street's announcement that it is consulting the churches, particularly the Anglican church, before scrapping the offence came only hours before a Commons vote on the issue.
Keith Vaz, the Labour chairman of the Commons home affairs select committee, said the government had faced defeat: It is a pretty arcane law. It is old and unnecessary, and it does need to be modernised. What they need to do is bring
that forward as quickly as possible. [if it is unnecessary why does it need modernising?...it needs repealing. I guess nutter Vaz is eyeing the chance to extend it to all religions]
A Church of England spokesman said last night it became clear last year during the debates on the crime of incitement to racial and religious hatred that the church was open to the idea of the blasphemy law being abolished. But first there has
to be adequate time to assess the impact of the new legislation, he added.
The government has said it will introduce amendments to the criminal justice bill when it reaches the Lords if the consultations with the churches prove positive. I think it is right there is a proper process and a proper consultation before
there is change in legislation, said a Downing Street spokesman.
Dr Evan Harris, the Liberal Democrat MP whose amendment to the criminal justice and immigration bill provoked the government move, welcomed the concession: As a result of the government's acceptance of the need to repeal ... Britain will no
longer have an ... illiberal blasphemy offence and will be in a far better position to ensure respect for human rights in countries like Sudan, Pakistan and elsewhere.
Terry Sanderson of the National Secular Society said the blasphemy law was harsher now than when one of his predecessors was jailed for the offence in 1921: In a multicultural society no one should have the right not to be offended; we should
protect people, not beliefs.
Don Horrocks of the Evangelical Alliance warned repeal would signal that protecting Jesus, God and the Bible was no longer regarded as so important.
China Aid Association (CAA) has learned that Christian bookstore owner, Shi Weihan has been released on bail.
Chinese officials have decided against a formal trial for Shi, and criminal charges against him have been dropped.
Eyewitnesses told CAA that Shi was in good spirits and relatively stable physical condition. Shi's family members asked CAA to thank the international community for their "tireless efforts" in seeking his release.
Shi, and some of his colleagues, were detained for 37 days under charges of illegal printing and distribution of Christian literature.
Sources state that the Beijing Haidian District prosecution office assigned to Shi's case determined that they were unable to proceed with formal charges due to "insufficient evidence".
Regardless of the reason for Shi's unconditional release, it is evident that international attention and pressure on the case were instrumental in influencing the court's decision, said CAA.
State vensors in the Guinean capital, Conakry, summarily suspended two private newspapers and barred their journalists from
practice for three months. Local journalists and news reports say the bans were connected to December articles critical of top government officials.
The state-run National Communications Council accused private weeklies La Vérité and L’Observateur of continually publishing insulting, contemptuous, and defamatory articles of a nature to manipulate public opinion .
CPJ calls on the council to lift these arbitrary suspensions immediately, said CPJ Executive Director Joel Simon. There is a worrying trend in Guinea of punishing newspapers who dare uncover political wrongdoing.
Turkey's government will resume discussions Monday on a proposal to soften a much-criticized law that inhibits free speech,
the justice minister said, in a bid to remove a major stumbling block to the country's hopes of joining the EU.
Justice Minister Mehmet Ali Sahin would not give details on the proposed change to the law, but said it was likely to be voted on in parliament later this week.
Turkey's penal code makes denigrating "Turkishness" or insulting the country's institutions a crime punishable by up to three years in prison. The EU has said the law falls short of the bloc's standards on free speech and has warned it
threatens to further slowdown accession talks with Turkey.
Under the proposed amendment, the Justice Ministry's permission would be required for prosecutors to launch investigations into possible violations of the article, according to Turkish news reports. The term "Turkishness" would be
replaced with "Turkish nation," the reports said.
In a paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Economic Association in New Orleans, researchers from the University of California claimed that the showing of violent films has cut assaults in the US by on average about 52,000 a year
over the past
Rather than getting drunk and then going out to look for trouble, would-be assailants are cooped up in cinemas, consuming only soft drinks and simply watching violence, said the study.
Prof Gordon Dahl and Prof Stefano DellaVigna analysed variations in the violence of blockbuster films from 1995 to 2004 and studied their effects on same-day assaults.
Comparing national crime reports, cinema ratings and movie audience figures, they found that violent crime decreased on days with larger theatre audiences for violent films.
Although violent crime went down by as much as 1.3% during cinema hours, the researchers found it decreased even more dramatically - by as much as 2.1% - in the six-hours after midnight.
They attributed this to the fact that more violently-inclined moviegoers would probably have been indulging in "more volatile activities", particularly drinking alcohol, rather than "sitting at home reading a book".
Prof Dahl is a Mormon who doesn’t allow his own four children to watch violent films and doesn’t like seeing them himself. He told the New York Times: You’re taking a lot of violent people off the streets and putting them inside movie theaters.
In the short run, if you take away violent movies, you’re going to increase violent crime. His data also showed that crime also fell, though not by as much, when audiences were watching non-violent films that appeal to young men.
Prof Dahl said the lesson to Hollywood, if wanted to help cut crime, was to keep making films that appeal to young men but to cut the gore out of them.
The research is part of the fashion for so-called "freakonomics" among economists who try to transfer their number crunching techniques to aspects of society which are usually ignored by the "dismal science". It is unlikely to
convince the growing number of psychologists who have studied on-screen violence and concluded that exposure to it increases aggressive behaviour.
We have been working closely with our Honorary Associate Dr Evan Harris MP, who has identified an opportunity to challenge the blasphemy law in the House of Commons.
On Wednesday, 9 January, Dr Harris will table as an amendment to the Criminal Justice and Immigration Bill. Below is a letter we have been working on with him which will appear in the Daily Telegraph signed by a large number of other Honorary
Associates and prominent supporters of the NSS as well as some other worthy names from a religious and other spheres.
The letter itself makes the case forcibly:
In the light of the widespread outrage at the conviction of the British teacher for blasphemy in Sudan over the name of a teddy bear we believe it is now time to repeal our own blasphemy law.
The ancient common law of blasphemous libel purports to protect beliefs rather than people or communities. Most religious commentators are of the view that the Almighty does not need the "protection" of such a law. We are
representatives of religious, secular, legal and artistic opinion in this country and share the view that the blasphemy offence serves no useful purpose. Yet it allows small partisan organisations or well-funded individuals to try to censor
broadcasters like the BBC and to intimidate small theatres, the printed media and book publishers.
Far from protecting public order — for which other laws are more suited — it actually damages social cohesion. It is discriminatory in that it only covers attacks on Christianity and Church of England tenets and thus engenders an expectation
among other religions that their sensibilities should be also protected by the criminal law (as with the attempt to charge Salman Rushdie) and a sense of grievance among minority religions that they do not benefit from their own version of such a
As the Law Commission acknowledged as far back as 1985, when they recommended repeal, it is uncertain in scope, lack of intention is no defence and yet it is unlimited in penalty. This, together with its chilling effect on free expression and its
discriminatory impact, leaves it in clear breach of human rights law and in the end no one is ever likely to be convicted under it.
The Church of England no longer opposes its abolition and the Government has given no principled reason to defend its retention. We call upon MPs to support the amendment proposed by Dr Evan Harris, Frank Dobson and John Gummer (tbc) tomorrow
during the Criminal Justice and Immigration Bill Report stage proceedings and for the Government — which rightly criticises countries like Sudan for their blasphemy laws — to give it a fair wind."
Lord Carey, the former Archbishop of Canterbury, is backing the new cross-party attempt by MPs to abolish Britain's blasphemy laws. They are supported by figures including Lord Harries of Pentregarth, the former Bishop of Oxford. Other signatories
to the letter include Philip Pullman, the author of the His Dark Materials trilogy, Ricky Gervais and Richard Dawkins, the Oxford academic and atheist and Nick Hytner the director of the National Theatre.
If you support the abolition of blasphemy laws, we urge you please to write immediately to your MP, preferably by email, explaining you would like them to support Dr Harris's amendment on Wednesday and add in your own words why you think this is
important. You could perhaps use some of the ideas in the above letter, but please do not reproduce them all.
It is best if you can to contact your MP by email – you can find out details if you don't know them from this website: www.theyworkforyou.com/mp
This allows you to write to the correct MP by putting in your postcode. Whatever method you use to contact your MP, it is essential to include your name and full address.
If for any reason you would prefer to write by letter, you can send it by fax by phoning 020 7219 3000 and asking for the MPs office and requesting a fax number. Alternatively you could write to them at House of Commons, London SW1A 0AA, but in
view of the urgency we would urge you to use email or fax if possible.
The NSS has been fighting for the abolition of blasphemy for the whole of its 140 year history. We have been working with Dr Harris on this important issue for some weeks including over the seasonal break assisting with research and soliciting the
support of many influential individuals. We know you will want to add your support.
Please act straight away, there is very little time.
A Christian bookshop owner has been arrested in China for printing copies of the Bible.
Police seized Shi Weihan the owner of Holy Spirit Trading Company. He is accused of conducting "illegal operations" and remains in custody, more than a month after his arrest.
The police confiscated almost all of the Christian literature and Bibles stored in the home he shares with his wife, Zhang Jing, and seized all the books in his bookshop.
Ms Zhang said that, while the books in their shop were legally printed and sold in China, her husband privately published many Christian books and Bibles without authorisation and distributed them among local home churches: this was the reason for
his arrest: He was worried about publishing these unauthorised books. But the church needed these books and so he felt it was a risk worth taking."
China Aid Organisation (CAA) says the country has launched a crackdown on unauthorised religious groups ahead of the Olympic Games. Shi's bookshop, in an upmarket office block, is less than two miles from the main Olympics venue.
With eight months to go before the Olympics, the government is taking great pains to paint itself to the international community as a country of religious tolerance. It says local Christian groups will be encouraged to hand out Bibles to athletes
and spectators during the event.
The CAA says Shi is being held in an unheated cell and is subjected to sleep deprivation. Ms Zhang says she has been denied visitor rights to see her husband and so is "not clear" about his condition.
China detains thousands of members of religious groups every year; some 70 members of a Protestant home church in eastern Shandong province are still being held after their arrest in early December for taking part in an "illegal religious
gathering," according to the CAA.
The U.S. Congress is funding a modest assault on the great firewall of China.
The newly approved budget for the U.S. State Department includes $15 million for developing anti-censorship tools and services which could help Internet users breach electronic firewalls set up by China, Iran, UK and other closed
The money is part of the 2008 budget for the State Department’s Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor. It is to be awarded competitively to software developers to produce internet technology programs and protocols that enable widespread and secure internet use
in countries where the Internet is now heavily censored.
In a report that accompanies the bill, the House Appropriations Committee singles out China as a particular target. It cites recent efforts by Chinese President Hu Jintao to ‘purify’ the Internet via further monitoring and censorship, and
through punishing Internet users who engage in uncensored communications. The report also decries recent Internet crackdowns by the Cuban and Russian governments.
The free-press organization Reporters Without Borders labels China the world’s most advanced country in Internet filtering. Chinese authorities monitor Web sites, chat forums, blogs and video exchange sites, and have imprisoned more than 50
Internet users for postings deemed to be anti-government, subversive and otherwise objectionable.
The Chinese government has required companies like Google, Yahoo! and Microsoft to censor their search engines as a condition for operating in China. As a result, Internet searches for terms such as “human rights” and “Taiwan independence” have
Internet censorship in North Korea is worse. Government control makes North Korea the world’s worst Internet black hole, Reporters Without Borders says. Only a few officials are able to access the Web, using connections rented from
Cuba is repressive as well. Virtually all Internet connections are government-controlled, and you can get five years just for connecting to the Internet illegally, the organization says.
The Iranian government boasts that it blocks access to 10 million “immoral” Web sites, including political and religious sites. Saudi Arabia, Syria and Egypt also make the Reporters Without Borders list of “Internet enemies.”
The Australian adult industry will push the new Federal Labor Government to allow legally classified X-rated DVDs to be sold or
rented in Victorian sex shops.
The industry lobby wants federal laws that allow for the sale of classified X-rated DVDs to replace Victorian and other state governments' "untenable" laws, which ban them from retail sale.
X-rated material legally classified by the Federal Government can be sold in the Australian Capital Territory (around Canberra) and the Northern Territory but state laws ban it from retail sale in Victoria.
Victorians and buyers in other states can legally own pornography and usually obtain it by mail from Canberra. But this has led to many of the state's adult shops and other venues importing illegal, non-censored or classified X-rated DVDs from
The legal anomaly has also opened a pirate trade in weekend markets and petrol stations for imported, non-classified DVDs that the adult industry claims contain banned content such as violent sexual scenes.
Fiona Patten, a spokeswoman for the Eros Foundation, an adult industry lobby group, has called on Federal Home Affairs Minister Bob Debus, who is in charge of classifications, to raise the state laws issue at the March meeting of the Standing
Committee of Attorneys-General (SCAG).
Patten also called on the Victorian Government to bring their censorship laws into line with federal classification laws.
Victoria's Attorney-General, Rob Hulls, said many issues would be discussed at the meeting of SCAG in March, but I would be surprised if this issue was high on the agenda.
Thanapol Eiwsakul, editor of the Fah Diew Kan political magazine website sameskybooks.org, told The Nation yesterday it
was no longer accessible. Other websites hosted on the same server were also offline as collateral damage.
It was like shutting down a printing house that prints a magazine. This is the price we're paying, said Thanapol, who insisted he always cooperated with the authorities and deleted material considered offensive to the monarchy.
He believed the posting of critical remarks following the death of Her Royal Highness Princess Galyani Vadhana might have led to the shutting down of the site by the Information and Communications Technology Ministry. Some visitors to the site
posted critical remarks to the effect that the news media generalised when it said the whole country was in grief following the death of the Princess. One correspondent expressed refusal to follow the mourning dress code.
The ministry sent Thanapol an e-mail explaining the site had been shut as a result of offensive content. Thanapol said he had received no warning from the ministry.
Thanapol said he was considering legal action against the ministry and the host company, Internet Service. He added, however, that he had no faith in the judicial system: The interpretation of the law will never side with human rights; it will
likely endorse unjust use of power, but we insist on the principle of human rights and that we're innocent and open about expressing critical views. We don't see the government as acting in the open when it pressures private companies .
13th January 2008
Reporters Without Borders has condemned the sudden closure of the political news magazine Fah Diew Kan’s website (www.sameskybooks.org), which has been accused by the information ministry of lese majeste.
This closure is an example of the most direct form censorship, the press freedom organisation said. “ his was a case for the courts to resolve. What have the authorities got against this website? Provocative comments were posted on it
but that was no reason to close it down. We call on the information ministry to explain to us why this was done and we point out that article 39 of the Thai constitution guarantees freedom of expression.
Candy Tangerine Man is a 1975 US 'blaxploitation' film by Matt Cimber (Satellite Films)
It was cut by 4:18s for an 18 rating when submitted in 1986:
At 37 mins-In scene in which several gangsters threaten half-naked women shortly after man says " None of your business", all sight of moustachioed man walking down line holding knife against bare breasts and a woman`s neck was
removed, resuming on sight of woman being pushed to the ground.
At 38 mins-Directly after, when woman on ground has hand shoved up her pink nightdress, all sight of her nipple exposed in medium close up and being fingered was removed. Also removed was all sight of knife actually cutting breast on screen,
resuming on shot of blonde woman watching, holding her hand over mouth.
At 44 mins-In sequence in which black man in burgundy hat thrusts villain`s hand into sink waste disposal unit, second shot of hand in and surrounded by blood was removed.
At 64.5 mins-In scene in which black man in white suit enters flat, held shot of dead blonde woman with bloody bullet hole on her left breast was removed, resuming on passing shot of dead man on sofa next to her.
On New Year's Day 2007 Channel 4 had what it called a Monty Python evening . This included another showing of the film Monty Python's Life of Brian and a programme about what the ‘Pythons' have done since the making of the film.
The first programme, shown at 8.00pm, in which John Beyer, director of mediawatch-uk was invited to take part, was The Secret Life of Brian which purported to be a retrospective look at the 1979 film that caused a global furore .
John Beyer was interviewed for this programme for more than an hour by Will Yapp on 1 March 2006 and so it was a disappointment that only a few seconds of the interview was used.
In the interview John Beyer made it clear that we recognised Brian was a distinct character that was not meant to be Jesus Christ. He said that we had sought legal advice and had been told that the film did not constitute a criminal offence of
blasphemous libel. The programme perpetuated the idea that Mary Whitehouse led a campaign to prosecute the film. This is simply not true and we have correspondence on file to prove this. The programme failed to distinguish between the
representations made by the then Festival of Light, and others, to ban the film.
The Australian Government plans to protect unwary children by blocking violence and pornography on the internet.
Yet this simple sounding initiative - barely discussed during the election - is riddled with technical, financial, moral and social complexities.
The Government's plan, overseen by Telecommunications Minister Stephen Conroy, would require internet service providers (ISPs) to block undesirable sites on computers accessed by Australians.
A seething Dr Roger Clarke, chair of the Australian Privacy Foundation, bluntly described the proposal as "stupid and inappropriate".
He said not only was it unworkable, but it was a sinister blow to an individual's rights to use the internet without censorship: Not only will it not work, it is quite dangerous to let the Government censor the net and take control out of the
hands of parents . It is an inappropriate thing for them to be doing. Mr Conroy is like a schoolmaster playing god with the Australian population, all because of the dominance of a moral minority.
One problem for the Government is that blocking child porn may unintentionally block acceptable sites. Another problem, according to civil libertarians, is that policing the net should be left to parents - not a big brother-style bureaucracy.
And, if it is disingenuous to compare Labor's policy to China's malevolent control over web access to its citizens, it is equally disingenuous of Rudd's Government to claim the issue simply relates to child pornography. There are genuine concerns
that the Government - backed by morals groups like Family First - will in time extend the powers outside of their intended target area.
Also of concern is that, under the Government's plan, users would be permitted to "opt out" of the scheme - and might therefore find themselves listed as possible deviants.
On a practical level, ISPs fear the mass blocking of sites could slow internet speeds and cost millions of dollars to implement. The ability for download speeds to be maintained would depend on the exact number of sites blocked - it is suspected
around 2000 sites could cause problems. ISPs fear a system based on key indicator words could rapidly clog the system.
A user typing in the address would be sent to an error page or possibly - as in Scandinavia - redirected to a police page.
Crucially, the Government has not explained how such a system would be paid for or who would monitor it or how such a system would work.
So far the industry, although eager not to be seen to be dragging their feet on child pornography, has been noticeably reticent in their response to Labor's plans.
Internet Industry Association spokesman Peter Coroneos was keen to emphasise the work already being done by service providers in supplying free filters.
They are likely to clarify their position after ACMA runs simulated tests on a filtered network later this year. We obviously want to know if this will have an impact on network performance, Coroneos said At the moment we don't know what
the extent of it will be, what it will cost, and whether it will set a precedent for other changes. We just don't know if it is feasible.
Three Ethiopian journalists told CPJ the government denied them applications to launch new newspapers on Tuesday. All the
journalists spent 17 months in prison following the country’s 2005 elections. The newspapers were slated to become the country’s first independent political publications since authorities banned eight local papers and forced at least a dozen
others to close after the 2005 deadly post-election unrest.
Award-winning publisher Serkalem Fasil, her husband, columnist Eskinder Nega and publisher Sisay Agena fulfilled all legal requirements and submitted applications for Lualawi and Habesha—two current affairs Amharic-language weeklies—since
mid-September. By comparison, newly launched current affairs weekly Addis Neger cleared its registration with the ministry within one hour in October, according to owner and editor Mesfin Negash, who was never jailed.
The Malaysian government has reiterated that non-Muslims cannot use the word ''Allah,'' sparking concern Friday among Christians who
use it to refer to God in their Malay-language Bible and other publications.
Abdullah Zin, the de facto minister for Islamic affairs, told reporters that the Cabinet is of the view that ''Allah'' refers to the Muslim God and can only be used by Muslims.
The use of the word 'Allah' by non-Muslims may arouse sensitivity and create confusion among Muslims in the country, Abdullah said.
His statement is the latest twist in a long-drawn controversy involving The Herald, a weekly organ of Malaysia's Catholic Church. It was told by the Internal Security Ministry last month that its Malay-language section would be banned unless it
stops using ''Allah'' as a synonym for God.
But the paper was surprised when the ministry made an apparent about-turn last weekend by renewing its annual permit - a government requirement for all publications in Malaysia - without imposing any conditions. The paper assumed it was a tacit
approval for the use of ''Allah.''
Abdullah's comments Thursday, however, threw the issue into fresh confusion, and will likely renew complaints by ethnic minorities that their rights are increasingly undermined because of government efforts to bolster the status of Islam,
Malaysia's official religion.
The Herald's editor, Rev. Lawrence Andrew, said its latest issue on Wednesday still uses ''Allah,'' but he could not say whether upcoming editions would omit the word.
He declined to comment further, noting the paper has initiated court action to get a legal endorsement for what it says is its Constitutional right to use ''Allah.''
Sega's release schedule highlights an interesting amendment to the title of SEGA’s forthcoming Condemned sequel, with the ‘Bloodshot’ suffix removed from Condemned 2 .
We thought that with the ongoing saga with Manhunt 2 versus the BBFC, SEGA realised now was not the time for censor baiting, but we spoke to Sega who reassured us that the motives behind the change were nothing so sinister. Apparently it
just sounds better without.
Authorities in China have banned a film set in a Beijing massage parlour that had already been heavily censored
for its sexual content.
Lost In Beijing (Ping Guo) was released in Chinese cinemas on 30 November after scenes showing dirty streets, prostitutes and gambling were removed from the movie.
According to the State Administration of Radio, Film and Television, however, the film still violated regulations.
Its producers have been banned from making films in China for two years.
The drama - which involves the rape of a masseuse and her subsequent pregnancy - was screened at the Berlin Film Festival in February 2007. It went on to win a jury prize at the Bangkok International Film Festival last July.
According to the Chinese authorities, the film broke regulations by using unhealthy and inappropriate promotional materials in its marketing.
Its producer, Fang Li, has attributed the decision to the widespread availability of uncut, pirated versions of the movie he did not sanction.
Previously, Fang said he had edited the film for Chinese distribution to remove sex scenes and a side character - a fired foot masseuse who becomes a prostitute. Scenes set in Tiananmen Square, the site of pro-democracy protests that prompted a
bloody military crackdown in 1989, were also removed.
Religious MPs have submitted an amendment to enable religions to continue preaching against homosexuality:
Nothing in this part shall be read or given effect in a way which prohibits or restricts discussion of, criticism of or expressions of antipathy towards, conduct relating to a particular sexual orientation, or urging persons
of a particular sexual orientation to refrain from or modify conduct relating to that orientation.
Pink News reports that the amendment is almost certain to be defeated as the homophobic incitement proposal has gained cross-party support.
In an interview with PinkNews.co.uk published today, the Lib Dem spokesperson on Justice David Heath said: We (the party) have been convinced for some time that there is, first of all a reservoir of extreme prejudice against gay people.
Secondly, prejudice is one thing, having it manifest itself as attacks, in one form or another, is something that we should be very concerned about. I am convinced by the evidence that there is a real problem. That's why, as far as I'm concerned,
the case is proven for having something of this kind. Anyone who is expressing themselves in a reasonable way, even if what they're saying is wholly abhorrent to most right thinking people, will not be get caught under this law, unless what
they're saying is an incitement to hatred against a whole class of people.
Stonewall Chief executive Ben Summerskill rejected concerns that a law banning incitement to religious hatred would be used to silence the voices of religious people who regard homosexuality as a sin: We are crystal clear that people are
perfectly entitled to express their religious views. We are also crystal clear that the temperate expression of religious views should not be covered by the legislation.
Justice minister Maria Eagle has also confirmed that Christians will continue to have the right to express their homophobic views: If you are a preacher and on Sunday morning you tell your sermon of your beliefs and the beliefs of your
denomination about gay people then that's different to going and standing outside a gay club and using threatening words and behaviour . The intent is the key. That is very clearly unacceptable and that's where we are pitching the offence.
Marillion's Brave is a 1994 music video by Richard Stanley
It was cut by 3:33s for an 18 rating when submitted in 1995:
At 14.5 mins - After shots of bare branches blowing outside window, all imitable instructive techniques of how to fix heroin, including shots of spoon being heated over flame, tourniquet applied to arm and tightened with teeth, arm being tapped
for vein, needle pushed
into skin, and arm clenched as tourniquet is loosened was removed. Drug abuse may be suggested by stylised montage of images, eg. syringe or pills being poured, but not by realistic details. (Shots of woman losing consciousness, etc remained.)
At 38 mins -In bathroom suicide attempt, all sight of razor blade, wrists being slit, nude woman`s entire torso lying back in bath covered with blood and later full-length shots of policemen trying to grasp her nude body were removed. (Shot of
her sitting up in bath with zoom in to face and later CUs of half-submerged and struggling face remained, but emphasis on combination of blood and female nudity was removed.)
At 41 mins - In hospital sequence which follows, sight of slashed wrists indicating vertical slashes was removed.
At 51.5 mins - When young woman attacks her former lover, big close up of razor blade slashing neck was removed.
The Philippines Move and Television Review and Classification Board has reprimanded the Kapamilya and Kapuso networks for
airing materials that “offended some viewers,” said MTRCB chair Marissa Laguardia.
It was reported that viewers had been upset by an episode of GMA 7’s game show, Tok! Tok! Tok! Isang Milyon Pasok where the contestants were made to eat live worms.
In response to the MTRCB memo, GMA 7 vice president for program management Jose Mari Abacan said the program would take steps to ensure that on-screen presentation of graphic scenes ... [would] not offend ... the viewing public [in the future].
Meanwhile, Pinoy Big Brother Celebrity Edition 2 ... Uber, was also chastised by the censor
Laguardia told Inquirer: Ethel Booba uttered the p-cuss word twice. She also wore an outfit with a really low-cut neck line and a fabric that was too thin. It looked like she wore nothing but her bra.
In her letter to Laguardia, production manager Rowena Benitez argued that Ethel’s utterances were made during a live broadcast and were completely unexpected. Just the same, Benitez said, the network had undertaken some measures in ...
China is to further tighten its grip on internet use by restricting the broadcast of videos on the web to only those run by
In the government’s latest clampdown on cyberspace, all sites that provide video programming or allow users to upload video must obtain a government permit, with the only companies permitted to apply being those that are state-owned or
Executives at Chinese video-sharing sites spoke with caution but said the move was not unexpected and would likely have a much greater impact on new entrants to the market, such as Google’s popular YouTube.com that has yet to formally register in
The new rules, which come into force on January 31, mark a fresh attempt by Beijing to curtail the internet habits of an increasingly web-savvy population that has become accustomed to decades of state intervention.
The new regulations state that: Those who provide Internet video services should insist on serving the people, serve socialism ... and abide by the moral code of socialism.
The policy will ban providers from broadcasting video that involves national secrets, hurts the reputation of China, disrupts social stability or promotes pornography. Providers will be required to delete and report such content.
A While it remains unclear what caused Robert Dziekanski’s death in October, there’s no disputing that the Polish
immigrant was tasered several times by Canadian police at Vancouver International Airport.
Video of the fatal incident was widely broadcast and is available online eg at YouTube.
Canada.com reports on a recent YouTube video which parodies the incident using an early version of the Mega Man video game series.
Mega Man vs. Polish immigrant shows Mega Man confronting Dziekanski in the airport. Mega Man is offered three choices of action, including “Use restraint,” “Call a translator,” or “Tazer mercilessly.”
The creator of the parody, Vancouver resident Mike Greenway, said: The video was really more of a statement on police Taser use than anything. The video that I made is a tongue-in-cheek parody about the incompetence of everyone involved, not
Aga Magdolen, a spokeswoman with the Canadian Polish Congress, found the YouTube video offensive: This tragedy should not have been portrayed as a game. It is disrespectful to the victim, his family and the Polish community.
RCMP Staff Sgt. John Ward was also offended: Any right-thinking person who would look at the video would be offended by that. A gentlemen lost his life and it is in extremely poor taste.
However, Marta Grywalska, a spokeswoman for Polish Ambassador Piotr Ogrodzinski, seemed less condemnatory: The public was disturbed by the event. This is how the subculture reacted to it.
A statue of Jesus Christ with an erection at an art exhibition has caused predictable uproar among Christians.
Artist Terence Koh doctored the traditional 30cm (1ft) high statue of Jesus to be the provocative centrepiece of his display of 74 plaster models, entitled Gone, Yet Still .
Visitors to the Baltic Centre for Contemporary Art in Gateshead and church leaders have accused gallery officials and Koh of showing disrespect to the Christian faith.
Rev Christopher Warren, a Roman Catholic priest at St Mary's Cathedral in Newcastle, condemned the work of art: For Christians, the image of Jesus is very special and to interpret it in a sexualised way is an affront to what we hold dear .
While Jesus was a human being in every way, to portray him in this way will offend.'
Beijing-born Koh, who was raised in Vancouver, Canada before moving to New York, has become known as 'Asian punk boy' because his artistic themes tend to focus on punk and pornography.
A spokesman for the Baltic said all graphic exhibits carried a public advisory notice in both guidebooks and the gallery space itself.
The exhibition runs until January 20 as part of the Zabludowicz Collection.
Ang Lee's Lust, Caution has had several of its most explicit scenes removed by the Chinese censors.
Increasingly affluent Chinese movie-goers are however no longer content to accept their government's views on morality. For weeks now, the ranks of Chinese visitors to Hong Kong have swelled with a brand-new category of film-loving tourists.
Mainland movie fans are flocking in their thousands to the former British colony to see the full, uncut version of the Taiwan-born director's Lust, Caution.
The phenomenon of so many people voting, as it were, with their feet has highlighted the public's rapidly changing attitudes toward the long unquestioned practice of government censorship of the arts, and prompted debate about the way films are
regulated in China.
Travellers have made their way to Hong Kong to see movies before, of course, but always in much smaller numbers. Critics and commentators attribute the interest in Lee's movie to a variety of factors, from word of mouth about risque sexual content
stripped from the censored version, to a sensitive political subtext rarely seen in mainland cinema, to the fame of the Academy Award-winning director.
At least one Chinese movie fan has tried to sue the State Administration of Radio, Film and Television, which regulates the industry, for deleting some of the film's content. The director, Lee, has said the censored material was regarded as
politically unacceptable in Beijing because it reinforced the notion of sympathy between a young Chinese woman and a collaborator with the Japanese occupiers.
Many in the Chinese film industry support the idea of introducing a ratings system like those used in Britain and the United States, which advocates say would lessen the need for outright censorship. The state film administration, however, has so
The state of press freedom and free expression declined across Southeast Asia in 2007, according to a yearend report of the
Bangkok-based regional media watchdog, Southeast Asian Press Alliance (SEAPA).
A coalition of press freedom advocacy groups from Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand, SEAPA aims to unite independent journalists and press-related organizations in the region into a force for the protection and promotion of press freedom and
free expression in Southeast Asia.
From the freest to the most restricted among them, the countries of Southeast Asia in 2007 suffered a weakening of press freedom.
The situation in Burma, already the worst in terms of environments for free expression and human rights, further deteriorated right before the whole world’s eyes. A notorious regime predictable for its censorship and tight controls now plunges
into even more uncertain harshness.
Meanwhile, Singapore widened the scope of its uncompromising media laws to include the new media even as citizens are beginning to test the erstwhile freedom found on the Internet.
A similar development transpired in Malaysia, which is showing signs of backing down from a long-standing promise to never censor the Internet and looking for ways to take on bloggers in court, while political protests in the last quarter of the
year have put the government on edge.
The freest countries have seen backsliding on the press freedom front. The assassination of yet another Filipino radio broadcaster in the final week of December underscored yet again the continuing impunity by which media and press freedom
remained under attack. In the last 12 months the Philippine media have been threatened and charged by government for everything from “sedition” to “obstruction of justice".
In Indonesia, progressive developments in the reform of some antiquated laws in the Criminal Code were cause for celebration, but these, too, were overshadowed by the uneven, unpredictable, and surprising application of laws to the detriment of
press freedom. The country’s promising Press Law remained under-utilized, leaving journalists vulnerable under the Criminal Code.
Even a newly ratified Constitution and post-coup democratic elections in Thailand could not mask a slew of hastily passed laws under what is supposedly a temporary and self-limited military junta — some of which could severely undermine human
rights and democracy and keep a dark cloud over the press and Thailand’s electronic media in particular.
Indeed, the passage of laws on “national security” and Internet-related crimes in Thailand was a familiar theme in 2007 to all countries in Southeast Asia, from Vietnam to the Philippines and Malaysia to Laos. All highlighted the uncertainties
they faced and will continue to face in the coming year.
On December 18 2007 the UN General Assembly adopted a raft of resolutions recommended by its Third Committee (Social, Humanitarian and
Cultural). There was also one long campaigned for by the Organisation of the Islamic Conference: combating defamation of religions.
Draft resolution VI on Combating defamation of religions (document A/C.3/62/L.35), was approved by a recorded vote of 95 in favour to 52 against, with 30 abstentions.
The resolution would have the Assembly express deep concern about the negative stereotyping of religions and manifestations of intolerance and discrimination in matters of religion or belief, still in evidence in some regions of the world. The
Assembly would emphasize that everyone has the right to freedom of expression, which should be exercised with responsibility and may therefore be subject to limitations, according to law and necessary for respect of the rights or reputations of
others; protection of national security or of public order, public health or morals; and respect for religions and beliefs.
The only religion actually mentioned in the document is Islam paragraph 9: Stresses the need to effectively combat defamation of all religions and incitement to religious hatred, against Islam and Muslims in particular.
This was adopted with 108 in favour and 51 against. The developing world voted in favour and the developed world voted against.
The I&B ministry has decided to censor all graphic computer games. This basically means that computer games with too much blood and
gore will not be made available for children. Same goes for those games which involve ‘prizes’ like virtual sex with a girl if you clear a certain level.
Parents have been voicing their concerns against such computer games for a long time now. We decided it’s high time we introduce censorship in computer and video games, says a source in the I&B ministry.
The draft bill being considered by the ministry also proposes that the Censor Board do this job and certify an age-limit for kids accessing particular video games. The Censor Board might also reserve the right to reject a video game if it is
‘unsuitable’ for an Indian audience.
This is true that there is a proposal that the Censor Board should start censoring all video games - and I agree with proposal totally, says Sharmila Tagore, the chairperson of the Censor Board: We have already submitted our proposal to
the ministry and the draft is being considered by them.
According to the proposal, the Censor board will mark the video games according to age groups and would clearly mention the age for which it is suitable. It will also be made mandatory for the manufacturer to carry the certificate on the cover of
the game just as it is done on DVD covers.
86 journalists killed in 2007 - up 244% over five years
- 86 journalists and 20 media assistants were killed
- 887 arrested
- 1,511 physically attacked or threatened
- 67 journalists kidnapped
- 528 media outlets censored
- 37 bloggers were arrested
- 21 physically attacked
- 2,676 websites shut down or suspended
Reporters without Borders said that at least 86 journalists were killed around the world in 2007. The figure has risen steadily since 2002 - from 25 to 86 - and is the highest since 1994.
No country has ever seen more journalists killed than Iraq, with at least 207 media workers dying there since the March 2003 US invasion - more than in the Vietnam War, the fighting in ex-Yugoslavia, the massacres in Algeria or the Rwanda
The Iraqi and US authorities - themselves guilty of serious violence against journalists - must take firm steps to end these attacks. Iraqi journalists are deliberately targeted by armed groups and are not simply the victims of stray bullets. The
Iraqi government cannot immediately stop the violence but it can send a strong signal to the killers by doing all it can to seek them out and punish them.
Somalia and Pakistan saw more journalists killed than they have for several years. Somalia is still very much a country of outlaws where the strongest rule and the media are easy targets. Journalists in Pakistan are caught in the crossfire
between the army, Islamist militants and criminal gangs. The only good news of the past year is that for the first time in 15 years no journalists were killed in Colombia because of their work.
The governments of China, Burma and Syria are trying to turn the Internet into an Intranet - a network limited to traffic inside the country between people authorised to participate. At least 2,676 websites were shut down or suspended around the
world in 2007, most of them discussion forums.
The fiercest censorship was in China before and during the 17th Communist Party congress when about 2,500 websites, blogs and forums were closed in the space of a few weeks. Syria also blocked access to more than 100 sites and online services at
the end of 2007, including the social networking site Facebook, Hotmail and the telephone service Skype, all of them accused by the government of being infiltrated by the Israeli secret police.
During the October 2007 demonstrations by Buddhist monks in Burma, the country’s military rulers tried to block the flow of news being e-mailed out of the country by cutting off Internet access. Censorship ranged from anti-government sites to all
means of communication, including film cameras, ordinary cameras and mobile phones.
A university student was recently prosecuted for criminal intent for an online posting that jokingly expressed the desire to be
"kept." According to the law prohibiting sexual transaction with minors, any Web message that hints at sexual transaction with minors is subject to prosecution with sentences up to five years in jail. Though in this case the prosecutor
eventually dropped the charge, the student suffered through a painful ordeal that left a mark on his criminal record.
This was largely the result of inappropriate legislation that can be attributed to the exclusion of sex rights groups from the legislative process, resulting in unfair laws.
On Dec. 20, the Cabinet again proposed revisions to the Children and Youth Welfare Act, pledging to assist certain non-government organizations in establishing censorship mechanisms for Web content. Internet providers that violate the Web content
rating system would be heavily fined. Such censorship legislation should be cause for serious concern.
In the West, regulations that lack provisions for context have resulted in the arrest and conviction of feminist promoters of family planning and birth control as well as persecution for expressing anti-religious sentiment.
Similar Taiwanese legislation has resulted in the criminalization and prosecution of any discussion of sex on the Internet, be it in the form of self-expression, inquiry or exploration, amorous interaction or even community-building and
socializing among sexual minorities. When police, urged on by conservative child-protection groups, focus only on superficial meanings in their indictments, the result is a serious abuse of police power.
Current regulation of Internet content not only ignores context, but also often mistakenly infers motive. For instance, a request for a one-night stand could be wrongly interpreted as intent to conduct a sexual transaction. Police set up
entrapment operations that have put more than 20,000 people through the shame and humiliation of the judicial process in the last seven years.
Sex rights groups have warned against such a travesty of human rights. Is there any justice when a small private joke could lead to prosecution for a crime that carries a possible five-year jail sentence?
Internet speech and communication has its own specific context and meaning that belong to the realm of freedom afforded us in the Constitution. Social space should not be rigidified and unconventional Internet communication should not be demonized
simply for the sake of child protection. Basic freedom of speech and expression should be upheld at all costs.
Even when the controversy of video game violence reared its head surrounding the BBFC's banning of Manhunt 2 this summer, it only served to reinforce how mature game content has become.
In this instance, it also showed how out of the touch with the consumer market the authorities actually are.
In light of the fact that a re-cut version of the game has been released in the United States, the steadfast refusal of the BBFC to grant Manhunt 2 a UK release seems more like sabre rattling than anything else.
Having played the game, I personally find their decision to be preposterous.
A lawsuit demanding banning of websites in Egypt is rejected with the emphasis on the freedom of Internet
In a court ruling restoring hope in the hearts of all defenders of freedom of opinion and expression in Egypt and the world, the Administrative Judicial Court issued a sentence today in a case brought by Judge Abdul Fattah Murad calling for
banning the 51 websites on the Internet in Egypt.
The court rejected the lawsuit, and emphasized the support for freedom of expression and not compromising the freedom of these websites as long as these sites do not harm the beliefs or public order.
This historical sentence comes as the best conclusion to a year that witnessed a sharp retreat in the freedom of press and freedom of expression in Egypt. Such a retreat almost hit the many defenders of the freedom of expression with despair and
frustration. Yet this sentence comes to emphasize that there is always a glimmer of light and the struggle of defenders of freedom of expression will not be in vain.
It is truly a wonderful day, and we are pleased with this sentence that restores things back to normal and restores consideration for human rights and press institutions and blogs that have been unjustly described by terrorism. said Gamal
Eid Executive Director of the Arabic Network for Human Rights Information and he added: The right of citizens to a free Internet and a free flow of information is now guaranteed by the judiciary in Egypt.
The 2 law firms (HRInfo & HMLC) decided to hold a celebration with this sentence, for all supporters of freedom of expression and freedom of press, either in this case or in other cases. The date and place to be determined at a later time, as
a prelude to another round in the struggle against the restrictions, banning and control of information flow in Egypt.
As some of you might know I’ve been pretty much the only source of credible information about the election situation in Kenya over the last few months, and more especially since a media blackout was imposed by the government (no live broadcasts,
no news, nothing!)
The country is on fire and we have no idea what the government is doing to clamp protests down and how many people have been killed. After the blackout, blogs and SMSs have been pretty much the only source of information for Kenyans both inside
and outside Kenya.
Late night I asked my readers to send me whatever information /news they have in
the comment section so that we could keep the news flowing. When I woke up this morning to moderate comments and write a post I was unable to do any admin on Kenyan Pundit
I never thought I would ever witness this in Kenya and be the subject of censorship - in fact every time I spoke about blogging in Kenya I was proud of the fact that the government has stayed away from bloggers. Now I have been shut down (well
they think they can shut me down).
Kenya is now officially under a police state and I’m not sure how much coverage this is getting internationally, and I’m not sure how long it will last.
Please spread the word internationally and take up our cause as Kenyan bloggers and citizens.
Filming permits to be revoked from Chinese erotic film producers
Surely all of this was banned already
From China View see full article
Chinese censors have banned producers of erotic movies and from competing for any film awards.
The ban, recently issued by the State Administration of Radio, Film and Television (SARFT), also prohibits directors and leading actors from taking part in such any awards, the Beijing News reported on Monday.
The heaviest punishment for such violation would lead to a five-year ban of perpetrators from the movie industry, the newly-issued ordinance was quoted by the newspaper.
The SARFT asked nationwide studios not to produce films with footage of hardcore activities, rape, whoring, obscene sex exposing human genitals, or sex freaks, the newspaper said. Vulgar conversations, nasty songs and sound effects with sexual
connotation were also restricted.
The SARFT warned all major studios and local regulators to bear their own responsibility in correcting the wrong deeds of producing erotic movies. Violating studios might face the harshest punishment of revoking permits for shooting films .
Outraged that his Internet posting about dogs had been banned, Chen Yuhua wrote to the mayor of Beijing. No answer. He wrote to the city council. Still no answer. When all else failed, he consulted a lawyer, studied China's civil code and marched
into court with a lawsuit.
Chen's suit, filed Nov. 26, was a bold challenge to the legal authority of the Communist Party to decide what China's 1.3 billion people can say and read on their computers. It was a rare -- perhaps quixotic -- gesture in a country where the power
of the Public Security Bureau and Propaganda Department to regulate speech is usually considered absolute, enforced with the threat of jail time.
But it was also a sign that, beneath the ever more prosperous surface, some of China's educated elite may be growing impatient with a one-party authoritarian system in which anonymous bureaucrats decide what movies, plays, novels or social
commentaries are safe enough for public consumption.
Chen's posting was an attack on the Beijing municipal government's regulations barring any dog over 14 inches high and restricting each family to only one dog. These rules are unreasonable and are enforced arbitrarily, he contended in his essay.
As far as is known, Chen's filing, at the Xicheng District Court in central Beijing, marked only the second time that a Chinese citizen has gone to court over party censorship. The first was a suit filed in Beijing last August by a lawyer, Liu
Xiaoyuan, who was upset that his blog denouncing corruption was taken down on orders from the censor.
The posting, before it was deleted, had been put up on Chinapet.com, a site set up by Chen and other dog owners struggling to loosen official restrictions on their pets. When it was taken down, Chen in effect sued his own Web site. Although Chen
knew the Internet host was acting on orders from a "black hand," or censor, legally his target had to be the host organization that physically knocked him off, he said.
After Chen filed his suit, the court had seven days to respond according to Chinese legal procedure. But seven days later, it replied it would need more time. On Dec. 14, Chen recalled, he was told by clerks that the district court, after
referring to higher-level judges for advice, had decided to reject the case.
The next step, Chen said, is an appeal to the Supreme Court.
The Committee to Protect Journalists is alarmed by the ongoing detention of a leading pro-reform Saudi blogger who has been held without charge since early December.
On December 10, Fouad Ahmed al-Farhan, a blogger who runs the site Alfarhan, was detained by Saudi security agents at the Jeddah office of the IT company he owns. Security agents later visited al-Farhan’s home and confiscated his laptop.
In an e-mail sent to friends prior to his arrest, al-Farhan explained that he had received a phone call from the Saudi interior ministry instructing him to prepare himself to be picked up in the coming two weeks for an investigation by a
The issue that caused all of this is because I wrote about the political prisoners here in Saudi Arabia and they think I’m running an online campaign promoting their issue, al-Farhan wrote in the e-mail, which is currently posted on his
blog. He wrote that the agent promised to detain him for only a short period if he agreed to sign a letter of apology. I am not sure if I am ready to do that. Apology for what? he asked in the e-mail, adding that he does not want to be
forgotten in jail.
Al-Farhan is one of the few Saudi bloggers who does not use a penname while commenting on political and social life in the country. In one of his last posts before his detention, al-Farhan sharply criticized 10 influential business, religious, and
media figures close to the Saudi royal family. His public support of a group of 10 Saudi academics arrested earlier this year allegedly for “financing terrorism” has apparently angered Saudi authorities, he reported on his blog.